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Journal of Geographical Sciences  2012, Vol. 22 Issue (5): 895-905    DOI: 10.1007/s11442-012-0971-9
  Hydrology 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Assessing the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of Baiyangdian Lake
HU Shanshan1,2, LIU Changming1,3, ZHENG Hongxing1, WANG Zhonggen1, YU Jingjie1
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Assessing the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of Baiyangdian Lake
HU Shanshan1,2, LIU Changming1,3, ZHENG Hongxing1, WANG Zhonggen1, YU Jingjie1
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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摘要 

As the largest wetland in the North China Plain (NCP), the Baiyangdian Lake plays an important role in maintaining water balance and ecological health of NCP. In the past few decades, the decreasing streamflow in the Baiyangdian Basin associated with climate variability and human activities has caused a series of water and eco-environmental issues. In this study, we quantified the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of the Baiyangdian Lake, based on analyses of hydrologic changes of the upper Tanghe river catchment (a sub-basin of the Baiyangdian Basin) from 1960 to 2008. Climate elasticity method and hydrological modeling method were used to distinguish the effects of climate variability and human activities. The results showed that the annual streamflow decreased significantly (P>0.05) by 1.7 mm/a and an abrupt change was identified around the year 1980. The quantification results indicated that climate variations accounted for 38%-40% of decreased streamflow, while human activities accounted for 60%-62%. Therefore, the effect of human activities played a dominant role on the decline of the streamflow in the water source area of the Baiyangdian Lake. To keep the ecosystem health of the Baiyangdian Lake, we suggest that minimum ecological water demand and integrated watershed management should be guaranteed in the future.

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关键词 climate variabilityhuman activitiesclimate elasticityhydrological modelBaiyangdian LakeTanghe River    
Abstract

As the largest wetland in the North China Plain (NCP), the Baiyangdian Lake plays an important role in maintaining water balance and ecological health of NCP. In the past few decades, the decreasing streamflow in the Baiyangdian Basin associated with climate variability and human activities has caused a series of water and eco-environmental issues. In this study, we quantified the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of the Baiyangdian Lake, based on analyses of hydrologic changes of the upper Tanghe river catchment (a sub-basin of the Baiyangdian Basin) from 1960 to 2008. Climate elasticity method and hydrological modeling method were used to distinguish the effects of climate variability and human activities. The results showed that the annual streamflow decreased significantly (P>0.05) by 1.7 mm/a and an abrupt change was identified around the year 1980. The quantification results indicated that climate variations accounted for 38%-40% of decreased streamflow, while human activities accounted for 60%-62%. Therefore, the effect of human activities played a dominant role on the decline of the streamflow in the water source area of the Baiyangdian Lake. To keep the ecosystem health of the Baiyangdian Lake, we suggest that minimum ecological water demand and integrated watershed management should be guaranteed in the future.

Key wordsclimate variability    human activities    climate elasticity    hydrological model    Baiyangdian Lake    Tanghe River
收稿日期: 2011-12-02     
基金资助:

National Basic Research Program of China, No.2010CB428406; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40830636; No.40971023

通讯作者: Liu Changming, Professor and CAS Academician, E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn     E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: Hu Shanshan, Ph.D Candidate, specialized in global change and hydrological process. E-mail: hushshan@126.com
引用本文:   
HU Shanshan, LIU Changming, ZHENG Hongxing, WANG Zhonggen, YU Jingjie. Assessing the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of Baiyangdian Lake[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2012, 22(5): 895-905.
HU Shanshan, LIU Changming, ZHENG Hongxing, WANG Zhonggen, YU Jingjie. Assessing the impacts of climate variability and human activities on streamflow in the water source area of Baiyangdian Lake. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2012, 22(5): 895-905.
链接本文:  
http://www.geogsci.com/CN/10.1007/s11442-012-0971-9      或      http://www.geogsci.com/CN/Y2012/V22/I5/895

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