Climate and Environmental Change

Changes and spatial patterns of eco-environment in the farming-pastoral region of northern China

  • 1. College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;

    2. National Remote Sensing Center of China, Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, Beijing 100862, China

Received date: 2005-03-15

  Revised date: 2005-05-30

  Online published: 2005-09-25

Supported by

The State Key Basic Research and Development Plan of China, No.G2000018607; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.30000027


This paper firstly selects 10 kinds of indexes to reflect eco-environment background condition and builds the multi-subject spatial database by using ground meteorological data, remote sensing data and DEM. It then discusses in detail the methods about evaluating eco-environment background condition and analyzing eco-environment change. The eco-environment background conditions of 1989 and 1999 are synthetically appraised. Finally, the paper analyzes the spatial distribution, quantitative change, the trend of change, the areas of change and the dynamic spatial pattern of eco-environment. The results are as follows: (1) The eco-environment background condition becomes worse from southeast to northwest in the farming-pastoral region of northern China. (2) The eco-environment background condition deteriorates from 1989 to 1999. (3) In the adjacent areas of Shanxi-Shaanxi-Inner Mongolia-Gansu-Ningxia, Horqin Sandy Land and its peripheries, and eastern Qinghai province, eco-environmental deterioration is very serious.

Cite this article

JIANG Weiguo, LI Jing, LI Jiahong, CHEN Yunhao, WU Yongfeng . Changes and spatial patterns of eco-environment in the farming-pastoral region of northern China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2005 , 15(3) : 329 -336 . DOI: 10.1360/gs050306


[1] Cheng Xu, 2002. Unique ecosystem characters and ecological principles for development in the ecotones between agriculture and pasture in North China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 13(11): 1503-1506. (in Chinese)

[2] Deng Xiangzheng, Zhan Jinyan, 2004. Scale-effect analysis of LUCC driving for in the farming-pasturing interlocked area in northern China. Geography and Geo-Information, 20(3): 64-68. (in Chinese)

[3] Liu Liangwu, Zhou Jianmin, Liu Duosen, 1998. Changes of grassland soil under different use models in agro-pastural zigzag zone. Soil, (5): 225-229. (in Chinese)

[4] Liu Linde, Gao Yubao, 2002. Eco-environmental construction and functional integration of the farmland-pastoral ecotones in the northern part of China. Advance in Earth Sciences, 17(2): 174-181. (in Chinese)

[5] Liu Quanyou, Tong Yiping, 2003. The effects of landuse change on the eco-environmental evolution of farming-pastoral region in northern China: with an emphasis on Duolun County in Inner Mongolia. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 23(5): 1025-1030. (in Chinese)

[6] Luo Chengping, Xue Jiyu, 1995. Ecologically vulnerable characteristics of the farming-pastoral zigzag zone in northern China. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 9(1): 1-7. (in Chinese)

[7] Mao Liuxi, Wang Liwen, Zhang Jianxin, 2001. Study on landuse in the ecotone between agriculture and animal husbandry of North China. Territory & Natural Resources Study, (1): 36-37. (in Chinese)

[8] Pan Yaozhong, Gong Daoyi, Deng Lei, 2004. Smart distance searching-based and DEM-informed interpolation of surface air temperature in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 59(3): 366-374. (in Chinese)

[9] Pan Yaozhong, Shi Peijun, Zhu Wenquan, 2004. Measurement of ecological capital of Chinese terrestrial ecosystem based on remote sensing. Science in China (Series D), 34(4): 375-384. (in Chinese)

[10] Pan Zhihua, An Pingli, Liu Yaling, 2003. Study in natural environment condition changes in the ecological system at the crossing belt (Wuchuan county) of agriculture and animal husbandry in northern China. Journal of China Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, 24(5): 37-41. (in Chinese)

[11] Qiu Guowang, Zhao Yanxia, Wang Shili. Studies on development of the interlock area of farming-pastoral region in northern China. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2001, 11(51): 49-50. (in Chinese)

[12] Shi Peijun, Ha Si, 2002. Comparison between Holocene environmental changes in North China agro-pastoral zone and Africa Sahelian Bent. Earth Science Frontiers, 9(1): 121-128. (in Chinese)

[13] Tang Haiping, Zhang Xinshi, 2003. Establishment of optimized eco-productive paradigm in the farming-pastoral zone of northern China. Acta Botanica Sinica, 45(10): 1166-1173. (in Chinese)

[14] Wang Jingai, Xu Xia, Liu Peifang, 1999. Study on land use and population load in inter-distributing area of agricultural and grazing lands in northern China. Resources Science, 21(5): 19-24. (in Chinese)

[15] Zhang Zengxiang, 1997. Remote Sensing Monitoring and Synthetic Assessment of Resources And Environment. Beijing: Astronavigation Press, 73-85. (in Chinese)

[16] Zhang Zengxiang, Yang Cunjian, Tian Guangjin, 2003. Comprehensive assessment and analysis of China eco-environment based on spatial data. Journal of Remote Sensing, 7(1): 58-65. (in Chinese)

[17] Zhao Halin, Zhao Xueyong, Zhang Tonghui, 2002. Boundary line on agro-pasture zigzag zone in North China and its problems on eco-environment. Advance in Earth Sciences, 17(5): 176-177. (in Chinese)

[18] Zhao Ju, Zheng Dawei, Tuo Debao, 2003. Characters of natural resources and environment of ecotone and its countermeasures of sustainable development. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 11(4): 176-177. (in Chinese)

[19] Zhou Tingru, Zhang Lansheng, 1992. Environment Changes and Predictions in the North China Agro-pastoral Zone during Holocene. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 146. (in Chinese)