Man-Land Relationship

Factors of spatial distribution of recreation areas in peri-urban Beijing

  • 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Received date: 2010-03-05

  Revised date: 2010-05-20

  Online published: 2010-10-15

Supported by

Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571059


Based on the case study of peripheral urban areas in Beijing, this paper aims to identify the factors which will influence the spatial distribution of peri-urban recreation areas, by analyzing the collected data from questionnaires, online survey, documentation and field investigations (2007). In order to achieve sound information, relevant data from different management departments, owners and land-use types involved in the case study area are collected. A sampling database for peri-urban recreation areas in Beijing is established, and GIS spatial analyses as well as statistic analyses are applied. The result indicates that spatial distribution of recreation areas is majorly influenced by four factors, e.g. tourism attractions and environmental conditions, policy and spatial governance, consumption demand and preference, land price and availability. Tourism attractions and environmental conditions are dominant factors for public recreation areas. Commercial recreation areas are highly related with accessibility. Agricultural recreation areas are usually attached to special farmlands near large-scaled scenic areas. Meanwhile, recreational business clusters have appeared in suburbs influenced by mass recreation market growth. Controlled by the land price, commercial recreation areas are differentiated on their scales and developing intensity. Policy and spatial governance have made arrangements of recreation areas more balancing and more human- oriented. A peri-urban recreation area model is therefore established on the basis of this analysis, which can guide urban planning and designing, land-use planning and recreation resource development.

Cite this article

LIU Jiaming, WANG Run, CHEN Tian . Factors of spatial distribution of recreation areas in peri-urban Beijing[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2010 , 20(5) : 741 -756 . DOI: 10.1007/s11442-010-0808-3


[1] Bian X H, 2003. Analysis on the affecting factors in urban tourism place planning and design. Areal Research and Development, 22(3): 93–96. (in Chinese)

[2] Cao S J, Peng L F, Lu J Q, 2006. Suggestions for the tourism development in Miaofengshan Town. Journal of Beijing Agricultural Vocation College, 20(3): 42–43. (in Chinese)

[3] Fu X, Wu E, 2006. The development and application of recreation opportunity spectrum theory. Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 17(12): 691–694. (in Chinese)

[4] Geoghegan J, 2002. The value of open spaces in residential land use. Land Use Policy, 19: 91–98. Gunn C A, 1988. Vacationscape: Designing Tourist Regions. 2nd ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 61–62. Knudson D M, 1984. Outdoor Recreation. Rev. ed. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company; London: Collier Macmillan Publishers, 299–311.

[5] Liu D L, Li. J Y, Zuo J B, 2006. Review of American urban forestry. World Forestry Research, 19(3): 61–65. (in Chinese)

[6] Liu J M, Wang R, 2007. An analysis of influencing factors concerning land allocation for recreation in suburbs. Tourism Tribune, 22(12): 18–22. (in Chinese)

[7] Liu J M, Wang R, 2009. Suggestions for the allocation and management of recreation land in Beijing City: A perspective based on Hong Kong and Singapore as cases. Human Geography, 24(2): 107–113. (in Chinese)

[8] Long H L, Liu Y S, Li X B et al., 2010. Building new countryside in China: A geographical perspective. Land Use Policy, 27(2): 457–470.

[9] Maruani T, Cohen I A, 2007. Open space panning models: A review of approaches and methods. Landscape and Urban Planning, 81: 1–13.

[10] Niu Y F, Xie L B, Liu C F, 2005. The variation tendency and proposed countermeasures for adjusting and controlling visitor flow in Beijing. Geographical Research, 24(2): 283–292. (in Chinese)

[11] Sun H M, 2009. Research on the new urban spatial structure in Beijing City Master Planning. Urban Studies, 16(3): 36–40. (in Chinese)

[12] Tan K W, 2006. A Green Network for Singapore. Landscape and Urban Planning, 76(1–4): 45–66. Tang Z Y, Wu B H, 2004. Tourism & Recreation Handbook of Planning and Design. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2–3. (Translations, in Chinese)

[13] Wang R, Liu J M, Chen T et al., 2010. Distribution of recreational area in suburban metropolis: A case study of Beijing. Acta Geographica Sinica, 65(6): 745–754. (in Chinese)

[14] Wang Y C, 2003. The study on recreation landscape planning and landscape ecological protection of urban-rural fringe: A typical case study on Beijing. Geographical Research, 22(3): 324–333. (in Chinese)

[15] Wu B H, 2001. A study on Recreation Belt Around Metropolis (ReBAM): Shanghai case. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 21(4): 354–358. (in Chinese)

[16] Wu B H, Tang J Y, Huang A M, 1997. A study on destination-choose behavior of Chinese urban residents. Acta Geographica Sinica, 52(2): 97–104. (in Chinese)

[17] Wu C Z, 1999. Recreation utility and distribution behavior of outdoor recreation of citizens. Journal of Tongji University, 27(6): 718–722. (in Chinese)

[18] Wu C Z, Han G H, 2003. The research of spatial model of suburb tourism in foreign metropolis. Urban Problems, 116(6): 68–72. (in Chinese)

[19] Yang X J, Liu J M, 2001. Its types and spatial structure in the urban tourist development. Journal of Northwest University (Natural Science Edition): 31(2): 179–184. (in Chinese)

[20] Zhang J X, 2005. A Brief History of Western Urban Planning Thought. Nanjing: Southeast University Press, 99–124. (in Chinese)

[21] Zhang L M, Zhao L M, 2006. The factors affecting peri-urban tourism development and spatial layout. Commercial Research, (6): 181–184. (in Chinese)

[22] Zhang Y B, Wu R W, 2007. The theory and practice of greenway construction in Europe. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 23(8): 33–38. (in Chinese)

[23] Zhang Z G, Zhou B, Yang J, 2009. New application of the principles of landscape ecology in urban green space system planning. Building Science, 25(4): 69–71. (in Chinese)

[24] Zhao J, 2008. Urban area plan in Beijing: On district perspective. Comprehensive Transportation, (11): 4–8. (in Chinese)

[25] Zou T Q, 2005. On the development pattern of rural tourism in China: Comparative studies on the development between the happy-farmer in Chengdu and the folklore-hamlet in Beijing. Tourism Tribune, 20(3): 63–69. (in Chinese)