Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 2053-2068.doi: 10.1007/s11442-022-2036-z

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Understanding the multidimensional poverty in South Asia

LI Yuheng1(), JIN Qihui2, LI Ao3   

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2.College of Economics and Management, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
    3.College of Tourism and Urban-Rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
  • Received:2022-02-21 Accepted:2022-05-17 Online:2022-10-25 Published:2022-12-25
  • About author:Li Yuheng (1983‒), Associate Professor, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171208);Alliance of Poverty Reduction and Development(ANSO-PA-2020-16)


Special attention needs to be paid to achieve the world’s poverty reduction goal by 2030 in less than ten-year time. The paper aims to investigate the multidimensional poverty in South Asia in the period 2003-2019. It constructs the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by selecting ten indicators in the fields of health, education and living standards. The research results show that the MPI of South Asia decreases in the research period. Poor people in South Asian countries are still facing several forms of deprivation while cooking fuel, sanitation, housing, nutrition and years of schooling are the main restrictive factors to poverty reduction in this region. Pakistan, India and Bangladesh face the worst poverty situation in terms of health, education and living standards. Targeted poverty alleviation and resilient poverty reduction are proposed in the paper to improve the poverty reduction efficiency and individual/regional capacity against risks to avoid returning to poverty.

Key words: multidimensional poverty, resilient poverty reduction, sustainable development goals, South Asia