Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 1969-1997.doi: 10.1007/s11442-022-2032-3

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Functional zoning in national parks under multifactor trade-off guidance: A case study of Qinghai Lake National Park in China

ZHAO Li1,2(), DU Mingxi3, ZHANG Wei4, LI Congjuan5, LIU Qiuyu6, KANG Xiang3, ZHOU Dian1,*()   

  1. 1.School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
    2.Northwest Surveying, Planning Institute of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Key Laboratory National Forestry Administration on Ecological Hydrology and Disaster Prevention in Arid Regions, Xi’an 710048, China
    3.School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
    4.School of Horticulture and Forestry, Central China Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    5.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
    6.Department of Biological Sciences, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal H3C 3P8, Canada
  • Received:2022-02-14 Accepted:2022-05-20 Online:2022-10-25 Published:2022-12-25
  • Contact: ZHOU Dian;
  • About author:Zhao Li (1993-), PhD Candidate and Engineer, specialized in spatial planning and management policy of national parks and natural protected areas. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2019YFD1100401);The Young Talent Program of Xi’an Jiaotong University(GG6J007);The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2662021JC009)


Functional zoning is an important mechanism for achieving national park planning and management objective. Better functional zoning is of great significance to the protection of ecosystem legitimacy and integrity, the appropriate utilization of resources, community integration, and feasible management. In the present study, the proposed Qinghai Lake National Park is the research object. Based on the critical goal of ecological protection, the importance of ecosystem service functions and the ecological sensitivities were evaluated. The results showed that the ecosystem service functions and the ecological sensitivity of the whole region are high. Among them, lake, river and wetland as the most strictly protected ecosystems account for the highest proportion. Then this study divided the proposed Qinghai Lake National Park into five functional areas through grid calculations, spatial analysis and multifactor trade-off. The results indicated that the goal of functional zoning for national park is to maximize the overall utility of park protection value and its comprehensive functions based on its spatial units with different functions, management and control requirements. The zoning scheme addresses the lack of sustainable development in Qinghai Lake National Park due to ecological environmental changes and single-resource zoning with resource protection as the primary goal. This study can serve as a reference for spatial functional zoning methods of national land parks, nature reserves and other natural protected areas.

Key words: national park, functional zoning, interference from human activities, multifactor trade-off