Chen L X et al., 1991. Preliminary analysis of climatic change during the last 39 years in China. Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology, 2(2): 164-174. (in Chinese)
 Fu C, 2003. Potential impacts of human-induced land cover change on East Asia monsoon. Global and Planetary Change, 37: 219-229.
 Fu C B, Wen G, 1999. Variation of ecosystems in East Asia in association with the seasonal, interannual and decadal monsoon climate variability. Climatic Change, 43: 477-494.
 Gong D Y, Shi P J, He X Z, 2002. Spatial features of the coupling between spring NDVI and temperature over Northern Hemisphere. Acta Geographica Sinica, 57(5): 505-514. (in Chinese)
 Gong D Y, Wang S W, 1999. Impact on global and China's surface precipitation of ENSO during recent 100 years. Chinese Science Bulletin, 44(3): 315-320. (in Chinese)
 Gong D Y, Wang S W, 1999. Influence of atmospheric oscillations on Northern Hemispheric temperature. Geographical Research, 18(1): 31-38. (in Chinese)
 Gong D Y, Wang S W, 1999. Long-term variability of the Siberian High and the possible connection to global warming. Acta Geographica Sinica, 54(2): 125-133. (in Chinese)
 Gong D Y, Wang S W, 2003. Influence of Arctic Oscillation on winter climate over China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 58(4): 559-568. (in Chinese)
 Gong D Y, Zhu J H, Wang S W, 2002. Significant relationship between spring AO and the summer rainfall along the Yangtze River. Chinese Science Bulletin, 47(11): 948-951. (in Chinese)
 Groisman P Ya, Easterling D, 1994. Variability and trends of total precipitation and snowfall over the United States and Canada. J. Climate, 7: 184-205.
 Guo Q Y, 1983. The summer monsoon intensity index in East Asia and its variation. Acta Geographica Sinica, 38(3): 207-217. (in Chinese)
 Guo Q Y, Cai J N, Shao X M et al., 2003. Interdecadal variability of East-Asian summer monsoon and its impact on the climate of China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 58(4): 569-576. (in Chinese)
 Ho C-H, Lee J-Y, Ahn M-H et al., 2003. A sudden change in summer rainfall characteristics in Korea during the late 1970s. Int. J. Climatol., 23: 117-128.
 Huang R H, Xu Y H, Zhou L T, 1999. The interdecadal variation of summer precipitations in China and the drought trend in North China. Plateau Meteorology, 18(4): 465-476. (in Chinese)
 IPCC, 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Science of Climate Change. In: Houghton J T, Ding Y, Griggs D J et al. (eds.), Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom & New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 156-159.
 Jiang Z H, Ding Y G, 1994. Regional features of interannual variation of rainfall over China in the past 4 decades. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology, 17(1): 75-79. (in Chinese)
 Kerr R A, 1999. A new force in high-latitude climate. Science, 284: 241-242.
 Li Q X, Liu X N, Li X Q, 2002. Drought trend in North China in recent half century. Journal of Natural Disasters, 11(3): 50-56. (in Chinese)
 Li X W, Zhou X J, Li W L, 1995. The cooling of Sichuan Province in recent 40 years and its probable mechanisms. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 9(1): 57-68.
 Lin X C, Yu S Q, Tang G L, 1995. Series of average air temperature over China for the last 100-year period. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 19(5): 525-534. (in Chinese)
 Lu R Y, 2003. Liner relationship between inter-annual and inter-decadal variation in flood season precipitation in North China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48(7): 718-722. (in Chinese)
 Ma Z G, Fu C B, 2001. Trend of surface humid index in the arid area of Northern China. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 59(6): 737-746. (in Chinese)
 Ma Z G, Fu C B, 2003. Interannual characteristics of the surface hydrological variables over the arid and semi-arid areas of northern China under global warming. Global and Planetary Change, 37: 189-200.
 Menon S, Hansen J, Nazarenko L et al., 2002. Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science, 297: 2250-2253.
 National Climate Center, 1998. Severe Flood in China. Beijing: Meteorological Press, 78pp. (in Chinese)
 Qian W H, Hu Q, Zhu Y F et al., 2003. Centennial-scale dry-wet variations in East Asia. Climate Dynamics, 21: 77-89.
 Ren F M, Zhai P M, 1998. Study on changes of China's extreme temperatures during 1951-1990. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 22(2): 217-227. (in Chinese)
 Ren G Y, Wu H, Chen Z H, 2000. Spatial patterns of change trend in rainfall of China. Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology, 11(3): 322-330. (in Chinese)
 Sha W Y, Shao X M, Huang M, 2002. Climate warming and its impact on natural regional boundaries in China in the 1980s. Science in China (Series D), 45(12): 1099-1113. (in Chinese)
 Shi N, Zhu Q G, Wu B G, 1996. The East Asian summer monsoon in relation to summer large scale weather-climate anomaly in China for last 40 years. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 20(5): 575-583. (in Chinese)
 Shi N et al., 2000. A preliminary study of the northern winter SLP climate base state and its climate variability and effects. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 20(5): 575-583. (in Chinese)
 Shi Y F, Shen Y P, Hu R J, 2002. Preliminary study on signal, impact and foreground of climatic shift from warm-dry to warm-humid in Northwest China. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 24(3): 219-226.
 Thompson, D W J, Wallace J M, 1998. The Arctic Oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25: 1297-1300.
 Tu Q P, 1984. Trend and periodicity of temperature change in China during the last hundred years. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology, 7(2): 151-161. (in Chinese)
 Tu Q P, 1987. Variation of precipitation over China in the past 100 years. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meterology, 10(2): 177-187. (in Chinese)
 Wallace J M, 2000. North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular Mode: two paradigms-one phenomenon. Quart. J Royal Met. Soc., 126(564): 791-805.
 Wang S W, 1990. Variation of temperature in China for the 100 year period in comparison with global temperatures. Meteorological Monthly, 16(2): 11-15. (in Chinese)
 Wang S W, 2001. Progress on Modern Climatology. Beijing: Meteorological Press, 472pp. (in Chinese)
 Wang S W, Gong D Y, 1999. ENSO events and intensity in the recent 100 years. Meteorological Monthly, 25(1): 9-13. (in Chinese)
 Wang S W, Gong D Y, 2000. Enhancement of the warming trend in China. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(16): 2581-2584.
 Wang S W et al., 2003. 2002 is the second warmest year in the recent 100 years. Climate Change Newsletter, 3: 11-12. (in Chinese)
 Wang S W, Gong D Y, Ye J L et al., 2000. Seasonal precipitation series of eastern China since 1880 and the variability. Acta Geographica Sinica, 55(3): 281-293. (in Chinese)
 Wang Z W, Zhai P M, 2003. Variation of drought over northern China during 1950-2000. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 13(4): 480-487.
 Xu Q, 2001. Abrupt change of the mid-summer climate in central east China by the influence of atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric Environment, 35(20): 5029-5040.
 Yan Z W, Zhang M L, 1992. On change of China's temperature and its daily range in the recent years. Chinese Science Bulletin, 38(14): 1295-1298. (in Chinese)
 Yang H J, Zhang Q, 2003. On the decadal and interdecadal variability in the Pacific Ocean. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 20(2): 173-184.
 Yao T D et al., 2000. Amplitude of climatic change in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Chinese Science Bulletin, 45(13).
 Ye D Z, R Huang H, 1996. Investigation on laws and causes of droughts and floods in the Yellow and Yangtze river valleys of China. Jinan: Shandong Science and Technology Press, 387pp. (in Chinese)
 Zhang X, Vincent L A, Hogg W D et al., 2000. Temperature and precipitation trends in Canada during the 20th Century. Atmosphere-Ocean, 38: 395-429.
 Zhang X G, Li X Q, 1982. Some characteristics of temperature variation in China in the present century. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 40(2): 198-208. (in Chinese)
 Zhai P M, Ren F M, 1999. On change of China's maximum and minimum temperatures in 1951-1990. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 13(2): 278-290.
 Zhai P M, Sun A, Ren F et al., 1999. Changes of climate extremes in China. Climatic Change, 42: 203-218.
 Zhai P M, Pan X H, 2003. Trends in temperature extremes during 1951-1999 in China. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(17): 1913.
 Zhao Z G, 1996. Influence of El Nino phenomenon on general circulation and China's precipitation. Atmospheric Science, (4): 422-428. (in Chinese)
 Zhao Z C, 2003. The recent hot study on climate change: introduction of IUGG 2003. Climate Change Newsletter, 2(4): 14-15. (in Chinese)
 Zheng Y Q, Qian Y F, Miao M Q, 2002. The effects of vegetation change on regional climate I: simulation results. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 60(1): 1-16. (in Chinese)
 Zhu Q G et al., 1997. The long-term change of atmospheric active centers in northern winter and its correlation with China climate in recent 100 year. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 55(6): 750-758. (in Chinese)