Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2023, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 340-356.doi: 10.1007/s11442-023-2085-y

• Special Issue: Land for High-quality Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multi-scale coupling analysis of urbanization and ecosystem services supply-demand budget in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, China

ZHANG Fan1(), XU Ning1, WANG Chao2, GUO Mingjing3,4,5,*(), Pankaj KUMAR6   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Land and Resources Strategy Research, Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100812, China
    5. Research Center of Resource and Environmental Economics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    6. Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110021, India
  • Received:2021-07-29 Accepted:2022-02-21 Online:2023-02-25 Published:2023-02-21
  • Contact: Guo Mingjing (1978-), Associate Professor, specialized in resource management and regional sustainable development. E-mail:
  • About author:Zhang Fan (1989-), Associate Professor, specialized in environmental and ecological management. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(72004215)


Rapid economic development and human activities have severely affected ecosystem function. Analysis of the spatial distribution of areas of rapid urbanization is the basis for optimizing urban-ecological spatial design. This paper evaluated the spatial distribution of urbanization in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region, and then quantified the ecosystem services (ES) budget in the region based on an ES supply and demand matrix. The results showed that (1) urbanization patterns in the BTH region were relatively stable from 2000 to 2015, with clear patterns of low levels of urbanization in the northwest and high levels in the southeast; (2) areas with positive ES budget values were found throughout the region, except in built-up areas, with high ES supply areas concentrated in the northwest, and high ES demand areas in the southeast; (3) at both the county and prefecture-city levels, urbanization had negative, positive, and negative correlations with ES supply, demand, and budget, respectively; (4) the coupling coordination degree (CCD) increased, with high CCD values in the southeast. Based on these results, policy recommendations include strengthening rational land-use planning and ecosystem management, promoting the coordinated development of the economy and ecological function, and coordinating the provision of production-life- ecological functions.

Key words: urbanization, ecosystem services, supply-demand, coupling, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region