Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1724-1744.doi: 10.1007/s11442-022-2020-7

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Land consolidation and eco-environmental sustainability in Loess Plateau: A study of Baota district, Shaanxi province, China

BAI Yu1(), LIU Yansui2,3, LI Yuheng2,3,*(), WANG Yongsheng2,3, YUAN Xuefeng4,5   

  1. 1.School of Earth Science and Resources, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3.College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4.School of Land and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
    5.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation, Xi’an 710054, China
  • Received:2021-10-21 Accepted:2022-02-14 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-11-25
  • Contact: LI Yuheng;
  • About author:Bai Yu (1991-), PhD Candidate, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41931293);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171208);Fund Project of Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation(211927190123)


Eco-environmental sustainability is the basis for sustainable development in ecologically fragile areas. Land consolidation plays an important role in coordinating human-land relationships and achieving economic growth and eco-environment protection. Taking the Loess Plateau as the study area, this paper diagnoses the associated eco-environmental problems and their chain effect. The research results show that the overall eco-environment of the region is still relatively fragile. An eco-environment multi-subject co-management model, a scale-differentiated management model, and an elements comprehensive management model are proposed to improve the eco-environmental management efficiency after implementing land consolidation in the plateau. This paper takes the Gully Land Consolidation Project in Baota district of Yan’an city in Shaanxi province as an example to illustrate the relationship between land consolidation and eco-environmental sustainability in the Loess Plateau. Policy implications for eco-environmental protection in the Loess Plateau are proposed.

Key words: land consolidation, eco-environmental sustainability, Loess Plateau, China