Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 183-191.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0206-z

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The harmonious relationship between land use and environment in Xi’an

XUE Dongqian1, MA Beibei1, ZHANG Xiaojun2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China|
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2005-05-10 Revised:2005-11-07 Online:2006-06-25 Published:2006-06-25
  • Supported by:

    Key scientific research project of Shaanxi Normal University; Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China, No.2004D04

Abstract:

In this paper we adopt annual land use conditions change data, land sifting data, social, economic and population data and environment information of nine districts and four counties in Xi’an city from 1980 to 2000 to analyze its structural and degree change of land use since the 1980s, and calculate the benefits and transformation of land use type. The results show that the non-agricultural land increased rapidly, especially the urban and rural residential spots and industrial and mining (RIM) land use increased mostly rapidly, an increase of 64%. Meanwhile, the intensity of land exploitation was accelerating, land was transformed to industries with better benefit and areas experiencing faster urbanization process. By analyzing the harmonious degree of land exploitation in economic and environmental aspects, we find out that the land use imbalance mainly existed in the municipal area of Xi’an, and the imbalance index of land use based on GDP and non-agricultural population were respectively 12.37 and 14.67 in 2000, which were far higher than those in other regions. Nevertheless the environmental harmonious degree in the municipal area of Xi’an ranges between 0.6 and 0.8, which was better than that of suburban area. Some proposals addressing to the problems of harmonious level in all scales, resources utilization, projects management and feasibility analysis and intensive urbanization are also put forward.

Key words: harmonious relationship, countermeasure, Xi’an city, land use, environment