Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 231-247.doi: 10.1007/s11442-010-0231-9

• Geomorphology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Channel change at Toudaoguai Station and its responses to the operation of upstream reservoirs in the upper Yellow River

RAN Lishan1,2, WANG Suiji1, FAN Xiaoli1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-04-17 Revised:2009-06-02 Online:2010-04-15 Published:2010-04-15
  • Contact: Wang Suiji, E-mail address:
  • About author:Ran Lishan (1984–), Master Candidate, specialized in fluvial geomorphology and river channel change. E-mail:
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771031


The application of dams built upstream will change the input conditions, including water and sediment, of downstream fluvial system, and destroy previous dynamic quasi-equilibrium reached by channel streamflow, so indispensable adjustments are necessary for downstream channel to adapt to the new water and sediment supply, leading the fluvial system to restore its previous equilibrium or reach a new equilibrium. Using about 50-year-long hydrological, sedimentary and cross-sectional data, temporal response processes of Toudaoguai cross-section located in the upper Yellow River to the operation of reservoirs built upstream are analyzed. The results show that the Toudaoguai cross-section change was influenced strongly by upstream reservoir operation and downstream channel bed armoring thereafter occurred gradually and extended to the reach below Sanhuhekou gauging station. Besides, median diameter of suspended sediment load experienced a three-stage change that is characterized by an increase at first, then a decrease and an increase again finally, which reflects the process of channel bed armoring that began at Qingtongxia reservoir and then gradually developed downstream to the reach below Sanhuhekou cross-section. Since the joint operation strategy of Longyangxia, Liujiaxia and Qingtongxia reservoirs was introduced in 1986, the three-stage change trend has become less evident than that in the time period between 1969 and 1986 when only Qingtongxia and Liujiaxia reservoirs were put into operation alone. In addition, since 1987, the extent of lateral migration and thalweg elevation change at Toudaoguai cross-section has reduced dramatically, cross-sectional profile and location tended to be stable, which is beneficial to the normal living for local people.

Key words: cross-sectional profile, median diameter, reservoir, Toudaoguai cross-section, the upper Yellow River