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Journal of Geographical Sciences    2003, Vol. 13 Issue (1) : 35-44     DOI:
Climate and Environmental Change |
Regional characteristics of dust events in China
WANG Shigong1, WANG Jinyan1, ZHOU Zijiang2, SHANG Kezheng1, YANG Debao1, ZHAO Zongsuo3
1. Department of Atmospheric Science, College of Resources &|Environment, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China|
2. National Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081, China|
3. 93864 Army 75 Unit Xinjiang, Changji 831112, China
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Abstract  

The regional characteristics of dust events in China has been mainly studied by using the data of dust storm, wind-blown sand and floating dust from 338 observation stations through China from 1954 to 2000. The results of this study are as follows: (1) In China, there are two high frequent areas of dust events, one is located in the area of Minfeng and Hotan in the South Xinjiang Basin, the other is situated in the area of Minqin and Jilantai in the Hexi Region. Furthermore, the spatial distributions of the various types of dust events are different. The dust storms mainly occur in the arid and semiarid areas covering the deserts and the areas undergoing desertification in northern China. Wind-blown sand and floating-dust not only occur in the areas where dust storms occur, but also extend to the neighboring areas. The range of wind-blown sand extends northeastward and southeastward, but floating-dust mainly extends southeastward to the low-latitude region such as the East China Plain and the area of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Compared with wind-blown sand, the floating-dust seldom occurs in the high latitude areas such as North Xinjiang and Northeast China. (2) The affected areas of dust storms can be divided into seven sub-regions, that is, North Xinjiang Region, South Xinjiang Region, Hexi Region, Qaidam Basin Region, Hetao Region, Northeastern China Region and Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Region. The area of the most frequent occurrence of dust storms and floating-dust is in South Xinjiang Region, and of wind-blown sand in the Hexi Region. In general, the frequency of dust events in all the seven regions shows a decreasing tendency from 1954 to 2000, but there are certain differences between various dust events in different regions. The maximum interannual change and variance of dust events during this time happened in South Xinjiang Region and Hexi Region. The dust events generally occur most frequently in April in most parts of China. The spring occurred days of dust events occupied 60-70% of the whole year in Hetao Region and Northeastern China Region. However, in South Xinjiang Region and North Xinjiang Region, which was less affected by monsoon climate, dust events may occur at any time of the year, less than 50% of the events in this region occur during spring. In the remaining three regions 50-60% of the dust events occur in spring of a year.

Keywords dust events      regional characteristics     
PACS:  P425.55  
Fund:

National Key Project for Basic Research, No.G2000048703; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.39990490; Key project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX1-Y-05

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WANG Shigong, WANG Jinyan, ZHOU Zijiang, SHANG Kezheng, YANG Debao, ZHAO Zongsuo. Regional characteristics of dust events in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,2003, 13(1): 35-44.
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http://www.geogsci.com/EN/     OR     http://www.geogsci.com/EN/Y2003/V13/I1/35
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