Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2005, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (4): 491-499.doi: 10.1360/gs050413

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The dynamic coupling model and its application of urbanization and eco-environment in Hexi Corridor

QIAO Biao1,2, FANG Chuanglin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;

    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2005-04-07 Revised:2005-06-28 Online:2005-12-25 Published:2010-10-23
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Emphases Foundation of China, No.40335049; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471059

Abstract:

This paper, taking Hexi Corridor as an example, analyzes the alternating intimidation and the dynamic evolving relation between urbanization and eco-environment in arid area of West China. We argue that the harmonious development system of the urbanization and eco-environment would go through four phases: rudimentary symbiotic phase, harmonious developmental phase, utmost increasing phase and spiral type rising phase. Throughout the four phases, the elements of the system would influence each other, coerce each other, and complete the spiral type rising process from low-grade symbiosis to high-grade harmony together. The study on Hexi Corridor shows that the urbanization level in Hexi Corridor has increased gradually from 1985 to 2003 accompanied with the fluctuations of eco-environment state. The response of eco-environment to urbanization has been evident, but lagged behind the urbanization course. At present, the harmonious development system in Hexi Corridor was in its harmonious developmental phase. However, the coupling degree has increased quickly and approached 90 yet, which is signaling that the system is about to enter the utmost increasing phase, and the ecological crisis will enter the latent period. We have found that the coupling degree can well reflect the interactive coercing and dynamic evolving situation between urbanization and eco-environment in Hexi Corridor. From the temporal change of the coupling degree, it can be concluded that urbanization sometimes needs to pay a certain cost for the damage of the eco-environment in its initial stages, but as the urbanization continues, the state of the eco-environment would be meliorated.

Key words: Hexi Corridor, urbanization, eco-environment, harmonious development, dynamic coupling model