Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2005, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 293-304.doi: 10.1360/gs050304

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The glacial extent and glacial advance/retreat asynchroncity in East Asia during Last Glaciation

ZHANG Wei1, CUI Zhijiu2, LI Yonghua1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China;

    2. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2005-01-20 Revised:2005-04-28 Online:2005-09-25 Published:2005-09-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40071015

Abstract:

New dates for last glacial cycle in Tibetan bordering mountains and in East Asia show the glacial extent during the early/middle (MIS3-4) stage is larger than that of the late stage (MIS2) in last glacial cycle. It is asynchronous with the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets maximum and changes in oceanic circulation that predominately control global climate. In research areas, three seasonal precipitation patterns control the accumulation and ablation of glaciers. The modes of the westerlies and the East Asian mountains/islands in and along the Pacific Ocean are favorable to glacier advance with mainly winter precipitation accumulation. There was a global temperature-decreasing phase in the middle stage (MIS3b, 54-44 ka BP), when the glacier extent was larger than that in Last Glaciation Maximum due to the low temperature combined with high moisture. It is revealed that the Quaternary glaciers not only evolved with localization, but also maybe with globalization. The latest studies show a fact that the developmental characteristics of glaciers in high mountains or islands along the western Pacific Ocean are not in accord with those inland areas. Therefore, it can be concluded that glacier development exhibits regional differences. The study validates the reasonableness of the asynchronous advance theory, and ascertains that both the synchronous and asynchronous advance/retreat of glaciers existed from 30 ka BP to 10 ka BP. It is not suitable to emphasize the synchronicity between global ice-volume and glacier change.

Key words: Last Glaciation, asynchronous advance, monsoon, glacial extent, East Asia