Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 1895-1904.doi: 10.1007/s11442-021-1928-7

Previous Articles    

Features of the long-term transformation of the Krasnodar reservoir, near the mouth of the Kuban River, Russia

POGORELOV Anatoly1(), LAGUTA Andrey2, KISELEV Evgeny1, LIPILIN Dmitry1,3,4,*()   

  1. 1. Kuban State University, Krasnodar 350040, Russia
    2. Aerogematica LLC, Krasnodar 350063, Russia
    3. Kuban State Agrarian University Named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar 350044, Russia
    4. Tuapse Branch of the Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Krasnodar Region, Tuapse 352800, Russia
  • Received:2021-03-04 Accepted:2021-08-13 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-25
  • Contact: LIPILIN Dmitry E-mail:pogorelov_av@bk.ru;LipiLin_dmitrii@mail.ru
  • About author:Pogorelov Anatoly (1956‒), PhD and Professor, specialized in the application of GIS in regional studies. E-mail: pogorelov_av@bk.ru
  • Supported by:
    The Kuban Science Foundation in the Framework of the Scientific Project(МFI-20.1/123)

Abstract:

The article considers the long-term (1941-2018) transformation of the Krasnodar valley reservoir, the largest in the North Caucasus. The main functions of the Krasnodar reservoir are irrigation of rice systems and flood protection of land in the Krasnodar reservoir region and the Republic of Adygea. According to topographic maps, Landsat satellite images (1974-2018) and field observations (2016-2018), four stages of transformation of the floodplain reservoir are identified. The selected stages are characterized by both natural causes (the transformation of the filling deltas into the extended deltas, etc.) and man-made causes (runoff diversions in the delta areas, etc.). The key factor of transformation is the formation of deltas of rivers flowing into the reservoir. Each of the selected stages, against the background of a gradual reduction in the area and volume of the reservoir, is characterized by the peculiarities of the formation of river deltas with the formation of genetically homogeneous sections of delta regions. During the period of operation of the reservoir, the delta of the main Kuban River moved up to 32.4 km and took away an area of 35.4 km2 of the reservoir. During the formation of the deltas of the Kuban and Belaya rivers, a bridge was formed on the Krasnodar reservoir. The evolution of the delta regions led to the division of the reservoir into two autonomous reservoirs. The total area of the delta regions was 85.9 km2 by 2018, i.e., 21% of the initial area of the reservoir. The transformation of the Krasnodar reservoir leads to a decrease in its regulated volume and gradual degradation.

Key words: Krasnodar reservoir, sedimentation, siltation, transformation, delta formation, Landsat