Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 733-746.doi: 10.1007/s11442-021-1868-2

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Policy transfer and scale reconstruction of China’s overseas industrial parks: A case study of the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park

LIANG Yutian1,3,4(), ZENG Jiaqi1, KUIK Cheng-Chwee2, ZHOU Zhengke1, ZHOU Keyang1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Center for Asian Studies, Institute of Malaysian and International Studies, National University of Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
    3. China Regional Coordinated Development and Rural Construction Institute, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    4. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519080, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2020-12-15 Accepted:2021-03-16 Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-07-25
  • About author:Liang Yutian (1982-), PhD and Associate Professor, specialized in economic geography and regional development research. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871114);Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong, China(2018A030313293);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA20010103)


As an innovative mode of China’s foreign direct investment, China’s overseas industrial parks are not only the main content of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) but also the practical carrier of policy transfer. However, most of the academic literature on the policy transfer of overseas industrial parks has regarded the host country as a passive learner and seldom considers the two-way interactions between the host country and the home country. Using the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park (MCKIP) and the “Two Countries, Twin Parks” model as case studies, we discuss the applicability and innovative development of the policy transfer theory of China’s overseas industrial parks under the background of BRI. This article systematically analyzes the developmental background of the MCKIP and the cooperative framework between the governments. We consider the problems encountered in the policy transfer process and the solutions, as well as the two-way interactions between China and Malaysia in terms of the flow of people, logistics, capital, information, and technology. The study sheds light on the construction of the “Two Countries, Twin Parks” overseas industrial park.

Key words: policy transfer, scale reconstruction, Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park, “Two Countries, Twin Parks”