Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 603-620.doi: 10.1007/s11442-021-1861-9

• Research Articles • Previous Articles    

Urban planning construction land standard and its revision based on climate and topography in China

XU Yong1,2, ZHAO Shen1,2,*(), FAN Jie1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-12-08 Accepted:2021-02-20 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-06-25
  • Contact: ZHAO Shen E-mail:zhaos.14s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • About author:Xu Yong, Professor, specialized in land use research and carrying capacity of resources and environment research. E-mail: xuy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program, No(2019QZKK0406)

Abstract:

Urban planning construction land standard is the technical specification for scientifically allocating various types of urban construction land, and it is the basis for drawing up and revising the overall urban planning scheme. Considering China’s current urban planning construction land standard, many problems exist, such as the gap in the land use control threshold, the lack of regional differences in the climate revision, and failing to consider the topographic factors. To resolve these problems, this study proposed a step-by-step process framework and quantitative calculation method for the establishment and revision of standards in accordance with the principle of Total-Structure control. By setting the conditions, a universal basic standard for construction land was established. Quantitative analysis was then conducted on the relationship between the basic standard and the selected key indicators, such as urban population size, sunshine spacing coefficient, the width of river valleys or inter-montane basins, and terrain slope, among others. Finally, revised standards were formed for climate conditions, topography, and geomorphologic conditions, which were matched with the basic standards. The key results are three-fold: (1) The per capita construction land standard of 95 m 2/person can be used as the total indicator of China’s urban planning basic standard, and the corresponding per capita single construction land comprises 32.50% of residential land, 7.42% of public management and public service land, 22.50% of industrial land, 17.50% of transportation facilities, 12.50% of green space, and 7.58% of other land-use types. The results of the revision of the urban population size indicate that the difference in population size has little effect on the total amount of per capita construction land. (2) The climate revision results of per capita residential land and per capita construction land in major cities reveal that the revised climate value varies greatly between north and south China. The revised climate values of the per capita area of construction land vary by latitude as follows: the value at 20°N is 93 m 2/person, the value at 30°N is 97 m 2/person, the value at 40°N is 103 m 2/person, and the value at 50°N is 115 m 2/person. The basic standard land value of 95 m 2/person is generally distributed across the Xiamen-Guilin-Kunming line. (3) The cities located in mountainous areas, hilly valleys, or inter-montane basins can reduce the allocation of community parks and comprehensive parks when the average width of an existing river valley or inter-montane basin is less than 2 km. When the average width of the valley or inter-montane basin is between 2 km to 4 km, the allocation of the comprehensive parks can be reduced. The revised results of per capita sloping construction land reveal that the terrain slope greatly affects the revised value of per capita construction land. Specifically, the revised value at 3° is 3.68% higher than the basic standard value, and the increase rates at 8°, 15°, and 25° are 11.25%, 26.49%, and 68.47%, respectively.

Key words: urban planning, construction land standard, climate revision standard, topography revision standard