Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 1923-1942.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1819-3

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

China’s rural revitalization and development: Theory, technology and management

LIU Yansui1,2(), ZANG Yuzhu1,2, YANG Yuanyuan1,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-05-14 Accepted:2020-09-10 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: YANG Yuanyuan;
  • About author:Liu Yansui (1965-), Professor, specialized in human-earth science and rural sustainability. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41931293);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071231);The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23070302)


The urban-rural transformation from dichotomy to integration is a gradual process. Like rural areas in many countries, Chinese rural society is experiencing a decline in all spheres due to depopulation, aging, lack of economic opportunity, and so on. Aiming at solving the serious rural issues, China proposed the implementation of a rural revitalization strategy and the promotion of an integrated urban-rural development for the first time in 2017. This proposal marks the transformation of the urban-rural relationship, and the integrated urban-rural development reflects a significant conceptual change. Researches on issues of rural decline are urgently needed to determine the most effective method for rural revitalization and development from the perspective of the urban-rural dynamics. In this context, this paper focuses on studying the theory, technology and management of rural revitalization and development. We construct a theoretical framework for urban-rural integration based on population-land-industry-right between the urban and rural systems, regarding land engineering for land capacity building as the technical support and the rural land system reform and reconstruction as the policy support for management. This research will provide theoretical support for the implementation of China’s rural revitalization strategy.

Key words: rural revitalization, rural decline, urban-rural integration, land capacity building, land consolidation engineering, China