Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 1896-1908.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1817-5

• Special Issue: Urbanization, Resources and Environment in Central Asia • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation on the allocative efficiency of agricultural factors in the five Central Asian countries

WANG Guogang1(), ZHANG Lin1,*(), SUN Yuzhu2, YANG Yantao1, HAN Chengji1   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
    2. Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang 050061, China
  • Received:2020-03-18 Accepted:2020-07-19 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Lin E-mail:wangguogang@caas.cn;zhanglin02@caas.cn
  • About author:Wang Guogang (1984–), PhD and Associate Professor, specialized in agricultural economics and rural development. E-mail: wangguogang@caas.cn
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the CAS(XDA20040400);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871184);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41401203);The Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program(ASTIP-IAED-2020-01);The Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program(CAAS-ZDRW202012);Central Research Institutes of Basic Research and Public Service Special Operations(161005202001-2)

Abstract:

Based on methods such as stochastic frontier production function, this paper analyses the changes of single factor productivity (SFP) and total factor productivity (TFP) of agriculture in the five Central Asian countries, during the period of 1992 to 2017. The research results show that the agricultural output in most of the five Central Asian countries has increased steadily, while agricultural labor productivity has shown a growth trend. With the exception of Kazakhstan, the land productivity of the other four countries shows a growth trend. In terms of factor input, the number of agricultural workers in the five Central Asian countries mainly shows a trend of decrease, with the input of chemical fertilizer increasing, and the amount of agricultural machinery increasing or decreasing within a small range. The total factor productivity in the five Central Asian countries has improved, but it is still at a low level. The policy suggestions contained in the research conclusions are as follows: (1) Promote the growth of agricultural TFP in the five Central Asian countries, and strengthen the emphasis on the input and allocation of agricultural factors; (2) be aware of the innovation of agricultural technology, as well as the promotion and diffusion of existing agricultural technologies, and improve the overall technical efficiency of agriculture; and (3) accelerate the effective flow of capital and other elements to the agricultural sector, improve infrastructure, better release the “dividend” of science and technology, and enhance the output efficiency.

Key words: five Central Asian countries, total factor productivity, single factor productivity, allocative efficiency, technical efficiency