Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (9): 1507-1522.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1796-6

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ecosystem carbon storage under different scenarios of land use change in Qihe catchment, China

ZHU Wenbo(), ZHANG Jingjing, CUI Yaoping, ZHU Lianqi   

  1. College of Environment & Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
  • Received:2019-11-29 Accepted:2020-02-10 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • About author:Zhu Wenbo (1989–), PhD, specialized in the mountain ecosystem service, development and utilization of regional natural resources. E-mail: zhuwb517@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671090);National Basic Research Program (973 Program)(2015CB452702)

Abstract:

Regional land use change is the main cause of the ecosystem carbon storage changes by affecting emission and sink process. However, there has been little research on the influence of land use changes for ecosystem carbon storage at both temporal and spatial scales. For this study, the Qihe catchment in the southern part of the Taihang Mountains was taken as an example; its land use change from 2005 to 2015 was analyzed, the Markov-CLUE-S composite model was used to predict land use patterns in 2025 under natural growth, cultivated land protection and ecological conservation scenario, and the land use data were used to evaluate ecosystem carbon storage under different scenarios for the recent 10-year interval and the future based on the carbon storage module of the InVEST model. The results show the following: (1) the ecosystem carbon storage and average carbon density of Qihe catchment were 3.16×107 t and 141.9 t/ha, respectively, and decreased by 0.07×107 t and 2.89 t/ha in the decade evaluated. (2) During 2005-2015, carbon density mainly decreased in low altitude areas. For high altitude area, regions with increased carbon density comprised a similar percentage to regions with decreased carbon density. The significant increase of the construction areas in the middle and lower reaches of Qihe and the degradation of upper reach woodland were core reasons for carbon density decrease. (3) For 2015-2025, under natural growth scenario, carbon storage and carbon density also significantly decrease, mainly due to the decrease of carbon sequestration capacity in low altitude areas; under cultivated land protection scenario, the decrease of carbon storage and carbon density will slow down, mainly due to the increase of carbon sequestration capacity in low altitude areas; under ecological conservation scenario, carbon storage and carbon density significantly increase and reach 3.19×107 t and 143.26 t/ha, respectively, mainly in regions above 1100 m in altitude. Ecological conservation scenario can enhance carbon sequestration capacity but cannot effectively control the reduction of cultivated land areas. Thus, land use planning of research areas should consider both ecological conservation and cultivated land protection scenarios to increase carbon sink and ensure the cultivated land quality and food safety.

Key words: land use, Markov-CLUE-S composite model, InVEST model, carbon storage, scenario simulation, Qihe catchment