Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 1266-1282.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1781-0

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A comparison and case analysis between domestic and overseas industrial parks of China since the Belt and Road Initiative

YE Chao(), LI Simeng, ZHANG Zhao*(), ZHU Xiaodan   

  1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2020-01-16 Accepted:2020-04-30 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Zhao E-mail:zhuangliangboy@163.com
  • About author:Ye Chao (1978–), PhD and Professor, specialized in urbanization and urban-rural relations, sustainable science and environmental governance, geographical thought and cultural geography. E-mail: yeover@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China(19ZDA086)

Abstract:

With rapid globalization, industrial parks are playing an increasingly important role in the national and regional development. Since the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was put forward, national-level overseas industrial parks of China have emerged with new development features and trends. It is of great importance to carry out a comparative study on domestic and overseas industrial parks of China. Based on the perspective of spatiotemporal evolution, this paper compares and analyzes national-level overseas industrial parks along the Belt and Road (B&R) and domestic industrial parks of China. In time, China’s industrial parks have experienced four stages with distinctive state-led characteristic. There are different development paths and modes for overseas industrial parks along the B&R and domestic industrial parks. In space, the national-level overseas industrial parks are invested and constructed by Chinese enterprises (mostly from the coastal developed cities), and mainly distributed in the countries along the B&R. Through typical cases comparison of Thai-Chinese Rayong Industrial Zone and Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, the paper finds that national-level overseas industrial parks are basically market-driven and concentrated in traditional advantageous industries, while domestic industrial parks are mainly government-led high-tech industries. Localization of overseas industrial parks and remote coupling with domestic industrial parks become very important.

Key words: Belt and Road, development zone, overseas industrial park, China, comparative study