Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1155-1178.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1775-y

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Space diversification process and evolution mechanism of typical village in the suburbs of Guangzhou: A case study of Beicun

YANG Ren1(), PAN Yuxin1, XU Qian2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. School of Public Administration, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China
  • Received:2020-01-15 Accepted:2020-03-01 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: XU Qian E-mail:xuqian19840613@163.com
  • About author:Yang Ren (1984-), PhD and Associate Professor, specialized in rural geography and land use. E-mail: yangren0514@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801088);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41401190);Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China(201707010097)

Abstract:

The reform of global production mode and social system accelerate the process of urbanization, and the urban-rural factors accelerate rural space diversification. Based on the space production theory and game theory, this paper analyzed the space diversification process and its influence on Beicun village. The results show that: (1) In the past 30 years, the development of Beicun has experienced three stages: agricultural development, industrial development, and service industrial development. The industrial structure has changed from single to diverse. The transformation of agricultural decentralization to rural community has been realized. (2) Accompanying the rural economic development transformation, the land use type and structure of Beicun has diversified. The spatial relationship of various types of land use was complicated and gave rise to new characteristics of mixed land for commercial and residential use, and industrial and commercial use, gradually forming a circular spatial layout structure model of public service facilities, traditional residential areas and modern residential areas, commercial areas, agricultural and industrial areas. (3) Rural space diversification was mainly due to the intervention of new industries and the transformation of leading industries. The endogenous land transferring mechanism and exogenous urban capital jointly promoted the industrialization process, and the market power promoted the transformation of industry into the service industry. (4) The industrialization process promoted the functional replacement of historical buildings by village organizations. It changed the social relations of the village with the blood clan and geography oriented, and produced the occupational relation between migrant workers and urban low-income groups. (5) The multi-differentiation of suburban rural space followed the game logic of capital and land interests. The rural community played a key mediation in the competition for space and the game of interests among local villagers, farmers, economic cooperation, industrial operators, and service owners.

Key words: rural development, space differentiation, space production, game theory, Beicun village