Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 705-723.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1751-6

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Geographical thoughts on the relationship between ‘Beautiful China’ and land spatial planning

CHEN Mingxing1,2, LIANG Longwu1,2, WANG Zhenbo1,2, ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, YU Jianhui1,2, LIANG Yi3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Center of Land Consolidation, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2020-01-31 Accepted:2020-03-10 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • About author:Chen Mingxing (1982–), PhD and Professor, specialized in urbanization and regional sustainable devel-opment. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41822104);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671125);The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100301)


The concept of ‘Beautiful China’ is a new goal of ecological construction in the new era of socialism and aims to meet the needs of people as they strive for a better life. National land spatial planning is one major component of the Chinese state’s overall planning for various spatial types. The concept of ‘Beautiful China’ is thus a leading goal of Chinese development in the second centenary. The background of this concept aims for ‘ecological beauty’ as well as the combined beauty of ‘economy-politics-culture-society-ecology.’ The construction of ‘Beautiful China’ therefore necessitates a differentiated evaluation index system that is built on the basis of local conditions. This concept is intimately related to land spatial planning and the idea of Beautiful China guides an important direction for this planning which itself provides an important mechanism and spatial guarantee for construction. The establishment of land spatial planning nevertheless needs to strengthen further discussion of the regional system of human-land relationship, point axis system, main functional division, sustainable development, resources and environmental carrying capacity as well as new urbanization, and the rural multi-system. The aim of this paper is to summarize current thinking in land spatial planning, scientifically analyze the natural geographical conditions, the socioeconomic development, the interrelationship of the land space, plan the goal, vision and path of land space, encourage the public to participate in and carry out dynamic evaluation, build an intelligent system platform for land and spatial planning to realize the goal of ‘Beautiful China’ from a geographical perspective. And they can also present key ideas relating to the compilation and implementation of land spatial planning.

Key words: Beautiful China, land spatial planning, ecological civilization, modernization of space governance, geographical science