Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 569-582.doi: 10.1007/s11442-020-1743-6

• Special Issue: Development and Protection of Territorial Space in the Yangtze River Economic Belt • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Designing a spatial pattern to rebalance the orientation of development and protection in Wuhan

JIN Gui1, SHI Xin2, HE Dawei2,*(), GUO Baishu2, LI Zhaohua2, SHI Xianbin3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Faculty of Resources and Environmental Science, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
    3. Hubei Geological Survey Institute, Wuhan 430030, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Accepted:2019-12-29 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-25
  • Contact: HE Dawei E-mail:Hedw09@163.com
  • About author:Jin Gui (1986-), PhD and Associate Professor, specialized in land resource evaluation and national land management. E-mail: jingui@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71974070);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41501593);Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education of China, No.19YJCZH068, Scientific Research Project of Hubei Provincial Natural Resources Department(ZRZY2019KY08)

Abstract:

Patterns of spatial development and protection form a basic category of geoscience, and redesigning them is a popular subject of research in regional sustainable development that is important for ecological civilization construction. The authors here report a case study of Wuhan city using the circuit theory model and minimum cumulative resistance (MCR) model to rebalance its spatial protection and development. The results show the following: (1) Using the density of the gross domestic product (GDP), density of population, rate of urbanization, and access to transportation as evaluation indicators, seven core areas of development in Wuhan were identified, accounting for 59% of the total number of streets, that exhibited a “circular-satellite” spatial structure. (2) According to the importance of ecosystem services, ecological sensitivity, land use type, and slope of the terrain, the resistance surface of spatial development in Wuhan had a stereoscopic spatial form of an “inverted pyramid,” with high surroundings and a low center. The area of low resistance accounted for 6.64% of the total area of Wuhan. (3) Based on coupling analysis using the MCR and spatial morphological characteristics of current, nine axes of spatial development with a total area of 427.27 km2 and eight key strategic points with a total area of 40.02 km2 were identified. Streets that were prioritized for development accounted for 9.63% of Wuhan’s total area. (4) By combining the characterization of the development axis with the structure of the three-level core area, we extracted the structure of spatial development of “one heart, two wings, and three belts” in Wuhan. The research framework and empirical results can provide scientific guidance for the urban spatial layout, the development of regional linkages, and ecological environmental protection in China.

Key words: spatial development and protection, circuit theory model, minimum cumulative resistance model, core area, development axis, Wuhan