Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2019, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 406-416.doi: 10.1007/s11442-019-1606-1

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating of Liuwan Paleolithic site in the Luonan Basin, Central China

Kexin WANG1, Xinghua XU1, Xuefeng SUN1,*(), Hua TU2, Qiongxuan ZENG1, Yiming LU1, Huayu LU1, Shejiang WANG3,4   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. BGEG, School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, CAS, Beijing 100044, China
    4. CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2018-01-13 Accepted:2018-05-30 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-20
  • Contact: Xuefeng SUN
  • About author:

    Author: Wang Kexing, PhD, specialized in cosmogenic nuclide burial dating.

  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41572155, No.41690111;The Global Change Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, No.2016YFA0600503


The Luonan Basin is a key region of early human settlement in Central China with more than 300 discovered Paleolithic sites. Artifact layer 1 of the Liuwan site was dated to approximately 0.6 million years (Ma) based on correlation with the well-dated loess-paleosol sequence of the central Chinese Loess Plateau. This study reassessed the age of the Liuwan artifact layer via an absolute dating method, namely, 26Al/10Be burial dating. We determined the burial age of artifact layer 1, which was most likely at least 0.60 ± 0.12 Ma (1?), using three simple burial ages. The new burial age confirmed the previous estimated age and provided a considerably accurate age range. Therefore, we suggest the use of the 26Al/10Be burial dating method in thin loess-covered Paleolithic sites around the Qinling Mountain Range is helpful to understand the early human behavior.

Key words: Luonan Basin, loess, Paleolithic artifact, Middle Pleistocene, Cosmogenic nuclides