Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2019, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 197-212.doi: 10.1007/s11442-019-1592-3

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Modelling urban spatial impacts of land-use/transport policies

Fangqu NIU1,2(), Fang WANG3(), Mingxing CHEN1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development, Kunming 650500, China
    3. School of Public Administration of Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010070, China
  • Received:2018-06-12 Accepted:2018-08-20 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25
  • About author:

    Author: Niu Fangqu, PhD and Associate Professor, E-mail: niufq@lreis.ac.cn

  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.XDA19040401;National Key Research and Development Program, No.2016YFC0503506;Programme of Bingwei Excellent Young Scientists of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, No.2015RC202

Abstract:

China is now experiencing rapid urbanization. Powerful tools are required to assess its urban spatial policies before implemented toward a more competitive and sustainable development paradigm. This study develops a Land Use Transport Interaction (LUTI) model to evaluate the impacts of urban land-use policies on urban spatial development. The model consists of four sub-models, i.e., transport, residential location, employment location and real estate rent sub-models. It is then applied to Beijing metropolitan area to forecast the urban activity evolution trend based on the land-use policies between 2009 and 2013. The modeling results show that more and more residents and enterprises in the city choose to agglomerate on outskirts, and new centers gradually emerge to share the services originally delivered by central Beijing. The general trend verifies the objectives of the government plan to develop more sub-centers around Beijing. The proposed activity-based model provides a distinct tool for the urban spatial policy makers in China. Further research is also discussed at the end.

Key words: model/simulation, LUTI, accessibility, urban activity, policy scenarios