Please wait a minute...
 Home  About the Journal Subscription Advertisement Contact us   英文  
 
Just Accepted  |  Current Issue  |  Archive  |  Featured Articles  |  Most Read  |  Most Download  |  Most Cited
Journal of Geographical Sciences    2018, Vol. 28 Issue (12) : 1825-1844     DOI: 10.1007/s11442-018-1566-x
Research Articles |
Quantitative measurement and development evaluation of logistics clusters in China
LIU Sijing1(),LI Guoqi2,*(),JIN Fengjun2
1. School of Transportation & Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, National United Engineering Laboratory of Integrated and Intelligent Transportation, Chengdu 610031, China;
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
Download: PDF(5530 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

The logistics clusters are the result of concentration, scale and specialization of logistics activities, and their quantitative measurement and development evaluation provide an important foundation for improving the land use efficiency and achieving economies of scale. Taking 289 cities at prefecture-level and above as research objects, this paper collected macro-statistical data of transport, postal and warehousing industry during 2000-2014, business registration data of more than 290 thousand logistics enterprises, and 170 thousand logistics points of interest (POI). With the integration of multi-index and multi-source data, the evolution process and spatial pattern of logistics clusters in China were explored with the methods of Location Quotient (LQ), Horizontal Cluster Location Quotient (HCLQ), Logistics Employment Density (LED) and modified Logistics Establishments’ Participation (LEP). The development levels, types and modes of different logistics clusters were quantified. Several important findings are derived from the study. (1) The logistics clusters are mainly located on the east side of the Hu Huanyong Line, and the accumulative pattern evolves from group to block structure, featuring wide coverage and high concentration. The evolution of logistics clusters has two stages of rapid convergence and stable change, resulting in gradual increase in the development level and efficiency of logistics clusters and in emergence of spillover effect. (2) 21 mature logistics clusters are distributed in the core and sub-cities of the main metropolitan areas of 16 provincial-level administrative divisions, conforming to the government logistics and transport planning. 43 emerging logistics clusters are distributed in 21 provincial administrative divisions, and different types of cities have huge disparities which highlight the differentiation of the market behaviors and government planning among them. (3) The logistics clusters present differentiated development modes with the change of scales. In urban agglomerations scale, the nested “center-periphery” structures with “main nucleus-secondary cores-general nodes” are clarified. The polar nuclear development, networked and balanced development, single core and multipoint, multi-core multipoint hub-spoke development patterns are formed in different provincial administrative divisions.

Keywords logistics cluster      agglomeration      spatial pattern      comprehensive integration      multi-scale     
Fund:National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.71603219, No.41501123
Corresponding Authors: LI Guoqi     E-mail: liusijing666@126.com;guoqi_li@126.com
Issue Date: 27 December 2018
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LIU Sijing
LI Guoqi
JIN Fengjun
Cite this article:   
LIU Sijing,LI Guoqi,JIN Fengjun. Quantitative measurement and development evaluation of logistics clusters in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(12): 1825-1844.
URL:  
http://www.geogsci.com/EN/10.1007/s11442-018-1566-x     OR     http://www.geogsci.com/EN/Y2018/V28/I12/1825
Figure 1  Spatial pattern of logistics clusters of cities at prefecture-level and above in typical years by LQ
Figure 2  Evolution process of logistics clusters of cities at prefecture-level and above during 2000-2014
Figure 3  Spatial pattern of logistics clusters of cities at prefecture-level and above in typical years by HCLQ
Figure 4  Spatial pattern of logistics clusters of cities at prefecture-level and above in typical years by LED
Figure 5  Cumulative curve of number of logistics clusters by the value of HCLQ during 2000-2014
Figure 6  Cumulative curve of number of logistics clusters by the value of LED during 2000-2014
Figure 7  Cumulative curve of number of cities by the different values of LEP
Figure 8  Spatial pattern of logistics clusters of cities at prefecture-level and above in typical years by LEP
Figure 9  Results of superposition of logistics employment population and logistics enterprises
Category Subcategory Standards Results
Mature logistics cluster I First level cities with one of the indexes for each of the two types satisfied Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Xi’an
II First level cities with type two indexes satisfied Tianjin, Chongqing, Wuhan, Nanjing, Zhengzhou, Suzhou, Ningbo, Hangzhou, Qingdao
III Second level cities with LEP or one of the indexes for each of the two types satisfied and up cross-strata Jinan, Kunming, Harbin, Dalian, Xiamen, Dongguan, Shenyang
Emerging logistics
cluster
I Other level first and second level cities Changsha, Urumqi, Taiyuan, Foshan, Xuzhou, Qiqihar, Zhoushan, Haikou, Zhuhai, Lianyungang, Jinhua, Wuxi, Weifang, Baoding, Xiangtan
II Third level cities with one of the indexes for each of the two types or type two indexes satisfied Yingkou, Shijiazhuang, Guiyang, Zhongshan, Hefei, Changchun, Fuzhou, Nanning
III Other third level cities, and fourth and fifth level cities with all indexes of both types satisfied Fangchenggang, Qinhuangdao, Xiaogan, Jiaozuo, Shantou, Yichun, Ganzhou, Shangrao, Nanchang, Yantai, Changzhou, Quanzhou, Taizhou, Nantong, Yancheng, Tangshan, Hohhot, Fuyang, Bengbu, Liaocheng
Table 1  Results of comprehensive development evaluation of logistics clusters in China
[1] Baranowski S, Busko E, Shishlo Set al., 2015. Formation mechanism of logistics cluster in Belarus. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, (7): 12-20.
[2] Birtchnell T, Savitzky S, Urry J, 2015. Cargomobilities: Moving Materials in a Global Age. New York: Routledge.http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00253359.2016.1135637
doi: 10.1080/00253359.2016.1135637
[3] Cao X S, Xue D S, Yan X P, 2005. A study on the urban accessibility of national trunk highway system in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 60(6): 903-910. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DLXB200506002.htm
[4] Chhetri P, Butcher T, Corbitt B, 2014. Characterising spatial logistics employment clusters.International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 44(3): 221-241.http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/IJPDLM-03-2012-0086
doi: 10.1108/IJPDLM-03-2012-0086
[5] Chung T W, 2016. A study on logistics cluster competitiveness among Asia main countries using the porter’s diamond model.The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 32(4): 257-264.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2092521216300864
doi: 10.1016/j.ajsl.2016.12.010
[6] Cidell J, 2010. Concentration and decentralization: The new geography of freight distribution in the U.S.Journal of Transport Geography, 18(3): 363-371.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0966692309001008
doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.06.017
[7] Cui Y Y, Song B L, 2017. Logistics agglomeration and its impacts in China.Transportation Research Procedia, 25: 3875-3885.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2352146517306099
doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.302
[8] Deng M, 2014. The relation between transport infrastructure and employment density in Chinese cities: Endogenous relation and spatial spillovers.Economic Management, (1): 163-174. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-JJGU201401019.htm
[9] Ding J X, Jin F J, Wang C J et al.Wang C J , 2011. Evaluation, optimization and simulation of the spatial layout of transport hubs in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 66(4): 504-514. (in Chinese)
[10] Ducret R, Lemarié B, Roset A, 2016. Cluster analysis and spatial modeling for urban freight. Identifying homogeneous urban zones based on urban form and logistics characteristics.Transportation Research Procedia, 12: 301-313.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2352146516000685
doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.02.067
[11] Hai F, Jin X P, Jia X H, 2016. An analysis on connotation and features of logistics cluster.China Soft Science, (8): 137-148. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGRK201608012.htm
[12] Han Z L, Shang Y Y, Guo J Ket al., 2017. Comprehensive assessment of inland spatial accessibility of the northeast seaports.Advances in Earth Science, 32(5): 502-512. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ201705005.htm
[13] He C F, 2017. Geographical Research of Transitional Economy in China. Beijing: Economic Science Press. (in Chinese)
[14] Hu Y, Li H C, 2015. The estimate of transport hub level and its spatial spillover effects: A spatial panel data study on China’s prefecture-level city.China Industrial Economics, (5): 32-45. (in Chinese)http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-GGYY201505004.htm
[15] Hylton P J, Ross C L, 2017. Agglomeration economies’ influence on logistics clusters’ growth and competitiveness.Regional Studies, (4): 1-12.http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00343404.2017.1327708
doi: 10.1080/00343404.2017.1327708
[16] Jin F J, Wang C J, Li X W, 2008. Discrimination method and its application analysis of regional transport superiority.Acta Geographica Sinica, 63(8): 787-798. (in Chinese)
[17] Kumar I, Zhalnin A, Kim A et al.Kim A , 2017. Transportation and logistics cluster competitive advantages in the U.S. regions: A cross-sectional and spatio-temporal analysis.Research in Transportation Economics, 61: 25-36.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0739885915300378
doi: 10.1016/j.retrec.2016.07.028
[18] Li G Q, Jin F J, Chen Y et al.Chen Y , 2017. Location characteristics and differentiation mechanism of logistics nodes and logistics enterprises based on points of interest (POI): A case study of Beijing.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 27(7): 879-896.http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11442-017-1411-7
doi: 10.1007/s11442-017-1411-7
[19] Li J F, Ding S Y, 2015. The evaluation and optimization of the logistics land use and construction standards: The case of Guangzhou.Urban Planning Forum, (6): 38-45. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-CXGH201506006.htm
[20] Li X J, 2017. New Aproaches to Eonomic Gography:A Chinese Perspective. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)
[21] Li Z, 2013. Cooperation patterns and mechanism among logistics clusters based on asset specificity [D]. Wuhan: Wuhan University. (in Chinese)
[22] Pan Y J, 2016. Logistics Spatial Patterns and their Formation Mechanism of Wholesale Markets in Megalopolises. Beijing: The Commercial Press. (in Chinese)
[23] Prause G, 2014. Sustainable development of logistics clusters in green transport corridors.Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 4(1): 59-68.http://jssidoi.org/dok/JOURNAL%20OF%20SECURITY%20AND%20SUSTAINABILITY%20ISSUES/2014%20Vol%204%20No%201%20September%202014/5%20Prause%202014%20(4)1_5.pdf
doi: 10.9770/jssi.2014.4.1(5)
[24] Qin X, Zhen F, 2017. Combination between big data and small data: New methods of urban studies in the information era.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 37(3): 321-330. (in Chinese)http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DLKX201703001.htm
[25] Qiu L, Fang C L, 2013. Comprehensive assessment on the spatial agglomeration of producer services in Beijing.Geographical Research, 32(1): 99-110. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DLYJ201301012.htm
doi: 10.11821/yj2013010011
[26] Rivera L, Sheffi Y, Knoppen D, 2016. Logistics clusters: The impact of further agglomeration, training and firm size on collaboration and value added services.International Journal of Production Economics, 179(9): 285-294.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0925527316300883
doi: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2016.05.018
[27] Rivera L, Sheffi Y, Welsch R, 2014. Logistics agglomeration in the US.Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 59(11): 222-238.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965856413002358
doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2013.11.009
[28] Rodrigue J P, Dablanc L, Giuliano G, 2017. The freight landscape: Convergence and divergence in urban freight distribution.Journal of Transport and Land Use, 10(1): 557-572.
[29] Rolkoa K, Friedrich H, 2017. Locations of logistics service providers in Germany: The basis for a new freight transport generation model.Transportation Research Procedia, 25: 1061-1074.https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S235214651730786X
doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.479
[30] Sheffi Y, 2012. Logistics Clusters:Delivering Value and Driving Growth. Cambridge: MIT Press.
[31] Tang J R, Zhang X H, 2017. Spatio-temporal evolution, driving forces and spillover effects of logistics industry development: On spatial panel data analysis of Chinese provincial panel data.Finance and Trade Research, (5): 11-21. (in Chinese)http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-CMYJ201705002.htm
[31] Tang J R, Zhang X H, 2017. Spatio-temporal evolution, driving forces and spillover effects of logistics industry development: On spatial panel data analysis of Chinese provincial panel data.Finance and Trade Research, (5): 11-21. (in Chinese)http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-CMYJ201705002.htm
[32] Wang C J, 2014. Space Network Mode and Organization Mechanism of Logistics Enterprises. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)
[33] Wang S J, 2010. Review of researches on logistics cluster.Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Information & Management Engineering), 32(2): 337-340. (in Chinese)
[34] Wen H X, 2005. Strategy of logistics industry in China based on cluster theory [D]. Wuhan: Wuhan University. (in Chinese)
[35] Wu W, Cao Y H, Cao W Det al., 2011. The pattern of transportation superiority in Yangtze River Delta.Geographical Research, 30(12): 2199-2208. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DLYJ201112006.htm
doi: 10.1007/s11769-011-0450-8
[36] Xu Z, Gao X L, 2016. A novel method for identifying the boundary of urban built-up areas with POI data.Acta Geographica Sinica, 71(6): 928-939. (in Chinese)http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DLXB201606004.htm
doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606003
[37] Zhao D Z, Zhang C Q, Sun D K, 2012. The analysis of agglomeration for logistics industry cluster.Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition), 14(6): 71-76. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-BLDS201206014.htm
[38] Zong H M, Cai B J, Ye J H, 2017. The construction and application of a coupling index system between the development of logistics and new urbanization.Journal of Southwest University (Natural Science), 39(6): 100-106. (in Chinese)http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XNND201706016.htm
[1] FANG Jiawen. An analysis of the differentiation rules and influencing factors of venture capital in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(4): 514-528.
[2] CAO Shisong,HU Deyong,HU Zhuowei,ZHAO Wenji,CHEN Shanshan,YU Chen. Comparison of spatial structures of urban agglomerations between the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Boswash based on the subpixel-level impervious surface coverage product[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(3): 306-322.
[3] WANG Ying,LIN Qigen,SHI Peijun. Spatial pattern and influencing factors of landslide casualty events[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(3): 259-374.
[4] LI Jiaming,YANG Yu,FAN Jie,JIN Fengjun,ZHANG Wenzhong,LIU Shenghe,FU Bojie. Comparative research on regional differences in urbanization and spatial evolution of urban systems between China and India[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(12): 1860-1876.
[5] HUANG Gengzhi,LENG Shuying. The progress of human geography in China under the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(12): 1735-1756.
[6] KUANG Wenhui,YANG Tianrong,YAN Fengqin. Examining urban land-cover characteristics and ecological regulation during the construction of Xiong’an New District, Hebei Province, China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(1): 109-123.
[7] ZHOU Zhongfa,ZHANG Shaoyun,XIONG Kangning,LI Bo,TIAN Zhonghui,CHEN Quan,YAN Lihui,XIAO Shizhen. The spatial distribution and factors affecting karst cave development in Guizhou Province[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(8): 1011-1024.
[8] YAO Ziyan,ZHANG Lijuan,TANG Shihao,LI Xiaxiang,HAO Tiantian. The basic characteristics and spatial patterns of global cultivated land change since the 1980s[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(7): 771-785.
[9] WANG Degen,NIU Yu,SUN Feng,WANG Kaiyong,QIAN Jia,LI Feng. Evolution and spatial characteristics of tourism field strength of cities linked by high-speed rail (HSR) network in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(7): 835-856.
[10] GAO Bin,HUANG Qingxu,HE Chunyang,DOU Yinyin. Similarities and differences of city-size distributions
in three main urban agglomerations of China
from 1992 to 2015: A comparative study based on nighttime light data
[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(5): 533-545.
[11] YAN Huimin,LIU Fang,LIU Jiyuan,XIAO Xiangming,QIN Yuanwei. Status of land use intensity in China and its impacts on land carrying capacity[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(4): 387-402.
[12] FANG Chuanglin,ZHOU Chenghu,GU Chaolin,CHEN Liding,LI Shuangcheng. A proposal for the theoretical analysis of the interactive coupled effects between urbanization and the eco-environment in mega-urban agglomerations[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(12): 1431-1449.
[13] JIAO Cuicui,YU Guirui,HE Nianpeng,MA Anna,GE Jianping,HU Zhongmin. Spatial pattern of grassland aboveground biomass and its environmental controls in the Eurasian steppe[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(1): 3-22.
[14] GEORG Isabel,BLASCHKE Thomas,TAUBENB?CK Hannes. New spatial dimensions of global cityscapes: From reviewing existing concepts to a conceptual spatial approach[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2016, 26(3): 355-380.
[15] DUAN Dezhong,DU Debin,LIU Chengliang,Seamus GRIMES. Spatio-temporal evolution of urban innovation structure based on zip code geodatabase: An empirical study from Shanghai and Beijing[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2016, 26(12): 1707-1724.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Journal of Geographical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd