Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 900-918.doi: 10.1007/s11442-018-1512-y

• Special Issue: Geopolitical Environment Simulation on the Belt and Road Region • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An evaluation of the economic, social, and ecological risks of China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railway construction and policy suggestions

Suocheng DONG1,2(), Yang YANG1,2, Fujia LI1,*(), Hao CHENG1, Jingnan LI1,2, Alexey BILGAEV1,2, Zehong LI1,2, Yu LI1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-09-08 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Contact: Fujia LI;
  • About author:

    Author: Dong Suocheng (1962-), Professor, specialized in regional ecological economics, environmental economics and green development. E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Basic Resources Survey Project of China, No.2017FY101304;Major R&D Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-5;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41701639


The construction of China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railways is a strategic move to promote transportation infrastructure inter-connectivity between these countries, which will accelerate the implementation of the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor. However, well-planned China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railways demand accurately identifying construction risks, scientifically evaluating risk levels, and mapping the spatial distribution of these risks. Therefore, this study established the integrated risk evaluation model (IREM) to scientifically evaluate the economic, social, and ecological risks of China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railway construction and determine their magnitude and spatial distribution pattern. Based on this analysis, we propose designs for the east and west China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railways and policy suggestions to mitigate construction risks. Suggestions include developing innovative cooperation of the "high-speed railway for resources and market", strengthening communication and technology dissemination, and applying innovative engineering techniques and setting buffers; establishing collaborative prevention and control systems to mitigate the three major ecological risks in the China, Mongolia, and Russia trans-border areas; and promoting economic integration by improving strategic coordination. In summary, this study provides scientific support for designing the China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railways minimizing construction risks.

Key words: China-Mongolia-Russia high-speed railway construction, risk evaluation, designs of high-speed railways, policy suggestions, IREM