Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 529-542.doi: 10.1007/s11442-018-1488-7

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatio-temporal pattern changes of land space in Hengduan Mountains during 1990-2015

Zhenqin SHI1,2(), Shaoyao ZHANG1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment/Research Center for Mountain Development, CAS,Chengdu 610041, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-10-31 Accepted:2017-12-20 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-03-30
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail:

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.


  • Supported by:
    Major State Basic Research Development Program of China, No.2015CB452706


Hengduan Mountains offer land space for a variety of ecological services. However, the sustainable development and management of land space has been challenged by increased human activities in recent years. This paper performs the spatial pattern analysis of the quantitative and structural changes of various landscapes at different altitudes, and uses the land use data in 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2015 to reveal how various land patterns have changed. The results show that, within the production-living-ecological space schema, the ecological space dominates Hengduan Mountains, while the production and living space was mainly distributed in south region. During 1990-2015, the production-living-ecological spatial changes had been gradually accelerated and the regional differences had become more prominent. The agricultural production space had continuously decreased by 1132.31 km2, and the industrial and mining production space had rapidly increased by 281.4 km2 during 1990-2015. The living space had steadily increased, and the ecological space had increased with fluctuations. The land space pattern in Hengduan Mountains was greatly restricted by the terrain, such as altitude and slope. The implementations of China Western Development Strategy and the Returning Farmland to Forest Program had favorably promoted the changes of land spatial pattern in Hengduan Mountains.

Key words: land space, production-living-ecological space, spatio-temporal pattern, stepwise regression analysis, Hengduan Mountains