Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 514-528.doi: 10.1007/s11442-018-1487-8

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An analysis of the differentiation rules and influencing factors of venture capital in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration

Jiawen FANG()   

  1. Department of Urban Planning, Luskin School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1656, USA
  • Received:2017-06-06 Accepted:2017-08-10 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-03-30
  • About author:

    Author: Fang Jiawen (1993-), Master’s Candidate, specialized in urban development and planning. E-mail: fangjiawen@g.ucla.edu

  • Supported by:
    Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41590842

Abstract:

Under China’s innovation-driven development strategy, venture capital has become an important driving force in urban agglomeration integration and collaborative innovation. This paper uses social network analysis to analyze spatiotemporal differences of venture capital in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration for the period 2005-2015. A gravity model and panel data regression model are used to reveal the influencing factors on spatiotemporal differences in venture capital in the region. This study finds that there is a certain cyclical fluctuation and uneven differentiation in the venture capital network in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration in terms of total investment, and that the three centers of venture capital (Beijing, Shijiazhuang and Tangshan) have a stimulatory effect on surrounding cities; flows of venture capital between cities display certain networking rules, but they are slow to develop and strongly centripetal; there is a strong positive correlation between levels of information infrastructure development and economic development and venture capital investment; and places with relatively underdeveloped financial environments and service industries are less able to apply the fruits of innovation and entrepreneurship and to attract funds. This study can act as a reference for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration in building a world-class super urban agglomeration with the best innovation capabilities in China.

Key words: venture capital, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration, differentiation, influencing factors, gravity model