Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 3-14.doi: 10.1007/s11442-018-1455-3

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

Links between Western Pacific Subtropical High and vegetation growth in China

Mei HUANG1(), Man HAO1,2, Shaoqiang WANG1,2, Li DAN3, Fengxue GU4, Zhaosheng WANG1, He GONG1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. START Temperate East Asia Regional Center and Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Dryland Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2017-02-06 Accepted:2017-04-18 Online:2018-01-10 Published:2018-01-10
  • About author:

    Author: Huang Mei (1968-), specialized in the influence of climate change on ecosystems. E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China, 2017YFC0503905;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671101, No.41630532, No.41575091


There is a lack of simple ways to predict the vegetation responses to the East Asian Monsoon (EAM) variability in China due to the complexity of the monsoon system. In this study, we found the variation of the Western Pacific Subtropical High (WPSH), which is one of the major components of the EAM, has a profound influence on the vegetation growth in China. When the WPSH is located more to the west of its climate average, the eastern and northwestern parts experience increased yearly-averaged normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and gross primary productivity (GPP) by 0.3%-2.2%, and 0.2%-2.2%, respectively. In contrast, when the WPSH is located more to the east of its climate average, the above areas experience decreased yearly-averaged NDVI and GPP by 0.4% to 1.6%, and 1.3% to 4.5%, respectively. The WPSH serves as a major circulation index to predict the response of vegetation to monsoon.

Key words: East Asia monsoon, Western Pacific Subtropical High, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), gross primary productivity (GPP), China