Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 643-660.doi: 10.1007/s11442-017-1398-0

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

Examining the influence of the implementation of Major Function-oriented Zones on built-up area expansion in China

Wenchao LIU1,2,3,*(), Jiyuan LIU1,*(), Wenhui KUANG1(), Jia NING1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Urban and Environment Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-04-21 Accepted:2016-12-30 Online:2017-06-10 Published:2017-06-10
  • Contact: Wenchao LIU,Jiyuan LIU;;
  • About author:

    Author: Liu Wenchao (1986-), PhD and Lecturer, specialized in remote sensing of natural resources and environment, land use and cover change (LUCC) and ecological effect. E-mail:

    *Corresponding author: Liu Jiyuan (1947-), Professor, E-mail: ;Kuang Wenhui (1978-), PhD and Associate Professor, E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371409;National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2013BAC03B00


China had implemented the national strategies for Major Function-oriented Zones (MFOZs) to realize the goal of national sustainable development since 2010. This study analyzed and compared spatio-temporal characteristics and differences in built-up area for China’s MFOZs using a China’ s Land Use Database (CLUD) derived from high-resolution remotely sensed images in the periods of 2000-2010 and 2010-2013. To sum up: (1) The percentage of built-up area in each of the MFOZs was significantly different, revealing the gradient feature of national land development based on the distribution of the main functions. (2) Annual growth in built-up area in optimal development zones (ODZs) decreased significantly during 2010-2013 compared with the period 2000-2010, while annual growth in built-up area in key development zones (KDZs), agricultural production zones (APZs) and key ecological function zones (KEFZs) increased significantly. (3) In ODZs, the average annual increase in built-up area in the Yangtze River Delta region was significantly higher than in other regions; the average area increase and rate of increase of built-up area in KDZs was faster in the western region than in other regions; average annual area growth of built-up area in APZs in the northeast, central and western regions was twice as high as the previous decade on average; the annual rate of change and increase in the dynamic degree of built-up area were most notable in KEFZs in the central region. (4) The spatial pattern and characteristics of built-up area expansions in the period 2010-2013 reflected the gradient feature of the plan for MFOZs. But the rate of increase locally in built-up area in ODZs, APZs and KEFZs is fast, so the effective measures must be adopted in the implementation of national and regional policies. The conclusions indicated these methods and results were meaningful for future regulation strategies in optimizing national land development in China.

Key words: Major Function-oriented Zones, satellite remote sensing, land use change, development of urban and town built-up area, China