Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 365-384.doi: 10.1007/s11442-017-1382-8

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles    

Influencing mechanism of energy-related carbon emissions in Xinjiang based on the input-output and structural decomposition analysis

Changjian WANG1(), Fei WANG2, Xiaolei ZHANG3, Hongou ZHANG1   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2. College of Geography Science and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, China
    3. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2016-07-29 Accepted:2016-10-21 Online:2017-03-30 Published:2017-11-02
  • About author:

    Author: Liu Chunla, PhD, specialized in economic geography and regional development. E-mail: liuchunla111@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Chen Mingxing, PhD and Associate Professor, E-mail: chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41501144;National Key Research and Development Program, No.2016YFA0602801;Guangdong Academy of Sciences Youth Science Foundation, No.qnjj201501;High-level Leading Talent Introduction Program of GDAS, No.2016GDASRC-0101;Scientific Platform and Innovation Capability Construction Program of GDAS, No.2016GDASPT-0210.

Abstract:

Analysis of carbon emission mechanism based on regional perspectives is an important research method capable of achieving energy savings and emission reductions. Xinjiang, an important Chinese energy production base, is currently going through a period of strategic opportunities for rapid development. Ensuring stable socio-economic development while achieving energy savings and meeting emission reductions targets, is the key issue currently facing the region. This paper is based on the input-output theory, and conducts a structural decomposition analysis on the factors affecting energy-related carbon emissions in Xinjiang from 1997 to 2007; this analysis employs a hybrid input-output analysis framework of “energy - economy - carbon emissions”. (1) Xinjiang’s carbon emissions from energy consumption increased from 20.70 million tons in 1997 to 40.34 million tons in 2007; carbon emissions growth was mainly concentrated in the production and processing of energy resources, the mining of mineral resources, and the processing industry. (2) The analysis of the direct effects of the influencing factors on carbon emissions showed that the change in per capita GDP, the final demand structure, the population scale, and the production structure were the important factors causing an increase in carbon emissions, while the decrease in carbon emission intensity during this period was the important influencing factor in stopping the growth of carbon emissions. This showed that while the sizes of Xinjiang’s economy and population were growing, the economic structure had not been effectively optimized and the production technology had not been efficiently improved, resulting in a rapid growth of carbon emissions from energy consumption. (3) The analysis of the indirect effects of the influencing factors of carbon emission showed that the inter-provincial export, fixed capital formation, and the consumption by urban residents had significant influence on the changes in carbon emissions from energy consumption in Xinjiang. (4) The growth of investments in fixed assets of carbon intensive industry sectors, in addition to the growth of inter-provincial exports of energy resource products, makes the transfer effect of inter-provincial “embodied carbon” very significant.

Key words: carbon emissions, input output-structural decomposition analysis, influencing factors, Xinjiang