Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 1725-1753.doi: 10.1007/s11442-016-1355-3

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

HSR mechanisms and effects on the spatial structure of regional tourism in China

Degen WANG1(), Li WANG2,*(), Tian CHEN3, Lin LU2, Yu NIU4, August Lew ALAN5   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China
    2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism in Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville Florida 32611, USA
    5. Department of Geography, Planning and Recreation, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff Arizona 86001, USA
  • Received:2015-03-30 Accepted:2015-05-05 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-22
  • Contact: Li WANG E-mail:wdg713@163.com;wltsr@126.com
  • About author:

    Author: Wang Degen (1973-), PhD and Professor, specialized in high-speed rail tourism and urban tourism. E-mail: wdg713@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Wang Li (1974-), E-mail: wltsr@126.com

  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230631;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271134

Abstract:

Chinese railway has entered the “HSR era”, while the structure of “four vertical and four horizontal” railways for transit passengers is almost completed. Taking the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Rail (hereinafter referred to as HSR) as an example, this paper first explores HSR’s effects on the spatial structure of regional tourist flows using the social network analysis. Next, it notes changes in the accessibility of regional transportation. After analyzing the factors including initial endowment of regional tourism resources, hospitality facilities, the density of the regional tourism transportation network, and locations, the paper discusses the mechanisms through which HSR affects regional tourist flows. The study shows the following: (1) HSR’s effects on the spatial structure of regional tourist flows are manifested through the Matthew effect, the filtering effect, the diffusion effect and the overlying effect, and (2) the Matthew effect of HSR is manifested under an obvious interaction of the location, the initial endowment of tourism resources, hospitality capacity, tourist transportation network density and “time-space compression”. The filtering effect of HSR is manifested for those tourism nodes without favorable location conditions, endowment of tourism resources, hospitality capacity, or tourist transportation network density and without obvious benefits from “time-space compression”. Those tourism nodes that boast advantages in terms of location condition, endowment of tourism resources, hospitality capacity, tourist transportation network density and obvious “time-space compression” will become sources for the diffusion effect. HSR will strengthen the aggregation effects of tourist flow in these diffusion sources, which will thereafter diffuse to peripheral tourist areas, manifesting “aggregation-diffusion”. HSR has overlapped tourists’ spatial traveling range over large-scale spaces. However, the overlying effect is only generated in those tourism nodes with a favorable location condition, an endowment of tourism resources, hospitality capacity, tourist transportation network density, and obvious “time-space compression”.

Key words: spatial structure, HSR effect, mechanism, Beijing-Shanghai HSR