Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 1675-1688.

• Orginal Article •

### Strategic transformation of regionalization for the agricultural comprehensive development: The example of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in China

Wenjiao SHI1,2,3(), Yunfeng HU1, Xiaoli SHI4,5, Zong WANG1,6, Huimin YAN1,3, Ziwei XU2, Bo REN1, Wenhui KUANG1, Xinliang XU1, Weiming CHENG1, Yan CHEN7, Dongbo WU7

1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
5. Key Laboratory of Environmental Evolvement and Ecological Construction of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
6. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
7. Ningxia Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office, Yinchuan 750011, China
• Received:2015-12-13 Accepted:2016-01-10 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
• About author:

Author: Shi Wenjiao, PhD and Associate Professor, specializing in global change and agriculture, spatial analysis and geostatistics. E-mail: shiwj@lreis.ac.cn

• Supported by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371002, No.41301355, No.41401113;The Open Fund of State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Scienc, No.OFSLRSS201622

Abstract:

Strategic transformation of regionalization for agricultural comprehensive development (ACD) was presented by the Ministry of Finance of the People’s Republic of China (MOF) in 2014. The regionalization is the premise and basis of the sustainable development and improved competitiveness for agriculture. Based on the environmental resources related to agriculture, such as cropland, climate, water resources, terrain, geomorphology, patterns of the ACD projects, distribution of ecological planning, etc., we devised 13 indices using the geographic comprehensive regionalization method. The indices took into account a combination of dynamic and static, qualitative and quantitative, as well as agricultural and ecological factors. The strategic transformation of regionalization for the ACD in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China was performed; seven types were included: prioritized regions, prioritized and restricted regions, protected regions, protected and restricted regions, restricted and prioritized regions, restricted and protected regions, and restricted regions. A further 24 subtypes were used based on locations and ecological zones. The regionalization results showed that prioritized regions were mainly in northern Ningxia, the most suitable area for agriculture. The protected and restricted regions were in central and southern Ningxia. In the central part, drought was the limiting factor for agriculture, and water conservation projects there should be supported. The ecological environment is fragile in southern Ningxia, so there is a need for ecologically sound agriculture to be developed in this region. Such regionalization could achieve two goals, namely agricultural conservation and eco-environmental protection. It was performed following the requirement for scientific regionalization to include three types of regions (prioritized regions, protected regions, and restricted regions), and was applied at the township scale in a provincial or autonomous region for the first time. The results provide both guidance for the strategic transformation of the ACD in Ningxia, and a reference for similar work in other provinces.