Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (7): 953-968.doi: 10.1007/s11442-016-1309-9

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A review on trade-off analysis of ecosystem services for sustainable land-use management

Xiangzheng DENG1,2(), Zhihui LI1,2,3, GIBSON John4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Department of Economics, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
  • Received:2016-02-02 Accepted:2016-03-15 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-25
  • About author:

    Author: Deng Xiangzheng, PhD and Professor, land use change, global change and regional sustainable development. E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    China National Natural Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scholar, No.71225005;The Key Project in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program of China, No.2013BACO3B00


Ecosystem services are substantial elements for human society. The central challenge to meet the human needs from ecosystems while sustain the Earth’s life support systems makes it urgent to enhance efficient natural resource management for sustainable ecological and socioeconomic development. Trade-off analysis of ecosystem services can help to identify optimal decision points to balance the costs and benefits of the diverse human uses of ecosystems. In this sense, the aim of this paper is to provide key insights into ecosystem services trade-off analysis at different scales from a land use perspective, by comprehensively reviewing the trade-offs analysis tools and approaches that addressed in ecology, economics and other fields. The review will significantly contribute to future research on trade-off analysis to avoid inferior management options and offer a win-win solution based on comprehensive and efficient planning for interacting multiple ecosystem services.

Key words: ecosystem services, trade-offs, land-use management, scale, integrated modeling, multi-criteria analysis, efficiency frontier