Please wait a minute...
 Home  About the Journal Subscription Advertisement Contact us   英文  
Just Accepted  |  Current Issue  |  Archive  |  Featured Articles  |  Most Read  |  Most Download  |  Most Cited
Journal of Geographical Sciences    2016, Vol. 26 Issue (7) : 771-790     DOI: 10.1007/s11442-016-1298-8
Orginal Article |
Integrated studies of physical geography in China: Review and prospects
FU Bojie1,2(),PAN Naiqing1,2,3
1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
2. Joint Centre for Global Change Studies, Beijing 100875, China
3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Download: PDF(516 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    

Modern physical geography in China grew from Chinese traditional geography and has been profoundly influenced by the geographical disciplines of Euro-America and Russia. Since the 1950s, integrated studies of physical geography in China have made remarkable progress in the fields of comprehensive physical geographical regionalization, land studies, landscape ecology, and land surface geographical processes. During the past few decades, under the background of global change and rapid socio-economic transformation, a series of environmental and resources problems have boomed in China. To solve these problems and promote the development of integrated studies of physical geography, the following issues were proposed as research priorities: (1) coupling of land surface patterns and processes; (2) integrated research on regional responses and adaptation to global change; (3) analysis of human dimensions of the earth system; (4) ecosystem service research from a geographical perspective; (5) integration of multi-source data and model development; (6) integrated studies on unique geographical units; and (7) important global issues and relevant international programs.

Keywords China      physical geography      integrated study      progress      prospect     
Fund:National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230745
Issue Date: 29 July 2016
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
FU Bojie
PAN Naiqing
Cite this article:   
FU Bojie,PAN Naiqing. Integrated studies of physical geography in China: Review and prospects[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2016, 26(7): 771-790.
URL:     OR
Figure 1  Framework of integrated studies of physical geography
1 Ai S, 1995. Translation and publication of physical geography towards the end of Qing Dynasty.China Historical Materials of Science and Technology, 16(3): 16-25. (in Chinese)
2 Ai S, 1996. Translation and publication of works on human geography towards the end of Qing Dynasty.China Historical Materials of Science and Technology, 17(1): 26-35. (in Chinese)
3 An Z, Liu T, Lu Yet al., 1990. The long-term paleomonsoon variation recorded by the loess-paleosol sequence in central China.Quaternary International, 7: 91-95.
doi: 10.1016/1040-6182(90)90042-3
4 Cai Y, 1986. Land classification and physico-geographical regionalization of Guiyang.Acta Geographica Sinica, 41(3): 210-223. (in Chinese)
5 Cai Y, 2010. New perspective on physical geography.Geographical Research, 29(1): 1-12. (in Chinese)
6 Cao Y, Xiao D, Zhao Yet al., 2001. Analysis on landscape ecology literatures in China during recent ten years.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(3): 474-477. (in Chinese)
pmid: 11758441
7 Chen B, 2002. Design and evaluation of indicator system of regional land for sustainable use.Progress in Geography, 21(3): 204-215. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.03.002
8 Chen C, 1986. On geoecology.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 6(4): 289-294. (in Chinese)
9 Chen C, 1993. The development of physical geography in China in the last 40 years.Geography and Territorial Research, 9(4): 48-53. (in Chinese)
10 Chen C, Zheng D, Shen Yet al., 1994. Progress of Chinese physical geography in recent ten years.Acta Geographica Sinica, (S1): 684-690. (in Chinese)
11 Chen L, Fu B, Liu X, 2000. Landscape pattern design and wildlife conservation in nature reserve: Case study of Wolong Nature Reserve.Journal of Natural Resources, 15(2): 164-169. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.02.014
12 Chen L, Fu B, Xu Jet al., 2003. Location-weighted landscape contrast index: A scale independent approach for landscape pattern evaluation based on “Source-Sink” ecological processes.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 23(11): 2406-2413. (in Chinese)
13 Chen L, Fu B, Zhao W, 2006. Source-sink landscape theory and its ecological significance.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 26(5): 1444-1449. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1007/s11515-008-0026-x
14 Chen L, Huang Z, Gong Jet al., 2007. The effect of land cover/vegetation on soil water dynamic in the hilly area of the Loess Plateau, China.Catena, 70(2): 200-208.
doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2006.08.007
15 Chen L, Li X, Fu Bet al., 2014. Development history and future research priorities of landscape ecology in China.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 34(12): 3129-3141. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201405040878
16 Chen L, Liu Y, Lu Yet al., 2008. Landscape pattern analysis in landscape ecology: Current challenges and future.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 28(11): 5521-5531. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1016/S1872-2032(09)60011-1
17 Chen L, Sun R, Liu H, 2013. Eco-environmental effects of urban landscape pattern changes: Progresses, problems, and perspectives.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(4): 1042-1050. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201205070659
18 Chen L, Tian H, Fu Bet al., 2009. Development of a new index for integrating landscape patterns with ecological processes at watershed scale.Chinese Geographical Science, 19(1): 37-45.
doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0037-9
19 Chen L, Zhu A, Qin Cet al., 2011. Review of eco-hydrological models of watershed scale.Progress in Geography, 30(5): 535-544. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.05.003
20 Cheng G, Li X, Zhao Wet al., 2014b. Integrated study of the water-ecosystem-economy in the Heihe River Basin.National Science Review, 1(3): 413-428.
doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwu017
21 Cheng G, Xiao H, Fu Bet al., 2014a. Advances in synthetic research on the eco-hydrological process of the Heihe River Basin.Advances in Earth Science, 29(4): 431-437. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0431
22 Chu K, 1973. A preliminary study on the climatic fluctuations during the last 5000 years in China.Scientia Sinica, 16(2): 226-256.
23 Cong W, Pan M, Li T, 2007. Uncertainty reasoning and its application in the slope geological hazard zonation.Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 43(2): 198-203. (in Chinese)
24 Cui L, Shi J, 2012. Urbanization and its environmental effects in Shanghai, China.Urban Climate, 2: 1-15.
doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2012.10.008
25 Dai E, Wu S, Shi Wet al., 2005. Modeling change-pattern-value dynamics on land use: An integrated GIS and artificial neural networks approach.Environmental Management, 36(4): 576-591.
doi: 10.1007/s00267-004-0165-z
26 Deng X, Güneralp B, Zhan Jet al., 2014. Land Use Impacts on Climate. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer.
27 Ding Y, Zhang S, Han Tet al., 2014. Opportunities and challenges of studies across land surface processes to land surface system sciences.Advances in Earth Science, 29(4): 443-455. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0443
28 Ding Y, Zhou C, Shao Met al., 2013. Studies of earth surface processes: Progress and prospect.Advances in Earth Science, 28(4): 407-419. (in Chinese)
29 Dong L, Feng C, 1989. A preliminary study on theory and methodology of economic evaluation of urban land.Acta Geographica Sinica, 44(3): 323-333. (in Chinese)
30 Fan J, 2014. Frontier approach of the sustainable process and pattern of human-environment system.Acta Geographica Sinica, 69(8): 1060-1068. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/dlxb201408003
31 Fan J, 2015. Draft of major function oriented zoning of China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 70(2): 186-201. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/dlxb201502002
32 Fan K, Li Y, 2012. Land use change and its driving force analysis in the central area of Chongqing city from 1986 to 2007.Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 19(1): 168-173. (in Chinese)
33 Feng X, Fu B, Lu Net al., 2013. How ecological restoration alters ecosystem services: An analysis of carbon sequestration in China's Loess Plateau.Scientific Reports, 3. doi: 10.1038/srep02846.
doi: 10.1038/srep02846 pmid: 846
34 Feng X, Wang Y, Chen Let al., 2010. Modeling soil erosion and its response to land-use change in hilly catchments of the Chinese Loess Plateau.Geomorphology, 118(3): 239-248.
doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.01.004
35 Feng X M, Sun G, Fu B Jet al., 2012. Regional effects of vegetation restoration on water yield across the Loess Plateau, China.Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2617-2628.
36 Fu B, 1983. A new area of geography: Landscape ecology.Chinese Journal of Ecology, 4: 60-67. (in Chinese)
37 Fu B, Chen L, Ma C, 1997. The index system and method of land sustainable use evaluation.Journal of natural resources, 12(2): 112-118. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.02.003
38 Fu B, Chen L, Ma K, 1999. The effect of land use change on the regional environment in the Yangjuangou catchment in the Loess Plateau of China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 54(3): 51-56. (in Chinese)
39 Fu B, Chen L, Ma Ket al., 2000. The relationships between land use and soil conditions in the hilly area of the Loess Plateau in northern Shaanxi, China.Catena, 39(1): 69-78.
doi: 10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00084-3
40 Fu B, Liang D, Lu N, 2011. Landscape ecology: Coupling of pattern, process, and scale.Chinese Geographical Science, 21(4): 385-391.
doi: 10.1007/s11769-011-0480-2
41 Fu B, Liu G, Chen Let al., 2001. Scheme of ecological regionalization in China.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 21(1): 1-6. (in Chinese)
42 Fu B, Liu G, Lu Yet al., 2004. Ecoregions and ecosystem management in China.International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 11(4): 397-409.
doi: 10.1080/13504500409469842
43 Fu B, Lu Y, 2006c. The progress and perspectives of landscape ecology in China.Progress in Physical Geography, 30(2): 232-244.
doi: 10.1191/0309133306pp479ra
44 Fu B, Lu Y, Chen Let al., 2006a. Progress and prospects of integrated physical geography in China.Progress in Physical Geography, 30(5): 659-672.
doi: 10.1177/0309133306071900
45 Fu B, Wang S, Su Cet al., 2013. Linking ecosystem processes and ecosystem services.Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5(1): 4-10.
doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2012.12.002
46 Fu B, Wang Y, Lu Yet al., 2009. The effects of land-use combinations on soil erosion: A case study in the Loess Plateau of China.Progress in Physical Geography, 33(6): 793-804.
doi: 10.1177/0309133309350264
47 Fu B, Xu Y, Lu Y, 2010. Scale characteristics and coupled research of landscape pattern and soil and water loss.Advances in Earth Science, 25(7): 673-681. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.07.0673
48 Fu B, Zhang L, Xu Zet al., 2015. Ecosystem services in changing land use.Journal of Soils and Sediments, 15(4): 833-843.
doi: 10.1007/s11368-015-1082-x
49 Fu B, Zhao W, Chen Let al., 2006b. A multiscale soil loss evaluation index.Chinese Science Bulletin, 51(4): 448-456.
doi: 10.1007/s11434-006-0448-2
50 Fu B, Zhao W, Zhang Q et al., 2014. Landscape Pattern Dynamics and Soil Erosion in the Loess Plateau. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)
51 Future Earth, 2013. Future earth initial design: Report of the transition team. Paris: International Council for Science (ICSU).
52 Gao G, Fu B, Lu Yet al., 2013. The effect of land cover pattern on hillslope soil and water loss in the arid and semi-arid region: A review.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(1): 12-22. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2012.12.003
53 Gao J, Huang J, Li Set al., 2010. The new progresses and development trends in the research of physio-geographical regionalization in China.Progress in Geography, 29(11): 1400-1407. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.11.032
54 Gao Z, Liu J, 2006. The LUCC responses to climatic changes in China from 1980 to 2000.Acta Geographica Sinica, 61(8): 865-872. (in Chinese)
55 Ge Q, Dai J, He Fet al., 2008. Land use changes and their relations with carbon cycles over the past 300 a in China.Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences, 51(6): 871-884.
doi: 10.1007/s11430-008-0046-z
56 Ge Q, Zhao M, Zheng Jet al., 2002. Study on the division of the terrestrial system in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 57(5): 515-522. (in Chinese)
57 Ge Q, Zheng J, Fang Xet al., 2003. Winter half-year temperature reconstruction for the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and Yangtze River, China, during the past 2000 years.The Holocene, 13(6): 933-940.
58 Gong J, Zhao C, Xie Yet al., 2014. Ecological risk assessment and its management of Bailongjiang watershed, southern Gansu based on landscape pattern.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 25(7): 2041-2048. (in Chinese)
59 Griggs D, Stafford-Smith M, Gaffney Oet al., 2013. Policy: Sustainable development goals for people and planet.Nature, 495(7441): 305-307.
60 Hai C, Zhou X, Guan W, 2005. Study on land use changes driven by social development and science-technology progress in farming-grazing transitional belt. Journal of Beijing Forestry University (Social Sciences), 4(1): 69-72. (in Chinese)
61 He D, He D, 1988. On the northern boundary of tropical climate in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 43(2): 176-183. (in Chinese)
62 He F, Li S, Zhang Xet al., 2013. Comparisons of cropland area from multiple datasets over the past 300 years in the traditional cultivated region of China.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 23(6): 978-990.
doi: 10.1007/s11442-013-1057-z
63 Hou X, 1988. Natural Ecological Regionalization and Agricultural Development of China. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)
64 Hou X, Jiang S, Chen Cet al., 1963. Suggestions on the development of agriculture, forestry, livestock husbandry, side-line occupation, and fishery in physical geographical regions of China.Chinese Science Bulletin, 9: 8-26. (in Chinese)
65 Hu M, Ma R, 2003. Cartographic method with RS for eco-functional regionalization in Heihe River Basin.Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 17(1): 49-53. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1016/S0955-2219(02)00073-0
66 Hu Q, Lu L, 2009. The progress and inspiration of tourism land research.Economic Geography, 29(2): 313-319. (in Chinese)
67 Huang B, 1959. Draft on comprehensive physical geographical regionalization in China.Chinese Science Bulletin, 18: 594-602. (in Chinese)
68 Huang B, 1960. Some major trends in physical geography.Chinese Science Bulletin, 10: 296-299. (in Chinese)
69 Huang B, 1992. Comment on "the extent of tropical zone in China".Scientia Geographica Sinica, 12(2): 97-107. (in Chinese)
70 Huang B, Chen C, Cai Yet al., 1996. The theoretical foundation of regional sustainable development: Land system science.Acta Geographica Sinica, 51(5): 445-453. (in Chinese)
71 Huang J, Gao Y, Zhao Zet al., 2011. Comprehensive physiographic regionalization of China using GIS and SOFM neural network.Geographical Research, 30(9): 1648-1659. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2011.00415
72 Huang Q, Cai Y, 2005. Review on several domestic land use change models.China Land Science, 19(5): 25-30. (in Chinese)
73 Huang X, 1981. Current situation and protection of eco-environment in the Federal Republic of Germany.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1(2): 181-182. (in Chinese)
74 Huang X, Li C, 1984. An analysis on the ecology of alpine tundra landscape of Changbai Mountains.Acta Geographica Sinica, 39(3): 285-297. (in Chinese)
75 Jiang C, Wang Y, Hao Qet al., 2009. Effect of land-use change on CH4 and N2O emissions from freshwater marsh in Northeast China.Atmospheric Environment, 43(21): 3305-3309.
doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.020
76 Jiang P, Cheng L, Li Met al., 2015. Impacts of LUCC on soil properties in the riparian zones of desert oasis with remote sensing data: A case study of the middle Heihe River basin, China.Science of the Total Environment, 506: 259-271.
77 Jing G, 1986. Ecoevaluation and ecodevice of land.Acta Geographica Sinica, 41(1): 1-7. (in Chinese)
78 Jing G, 1990. The development and perspective of landscape ecology.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 10(4): 293-302. (in Chinese)
79 Lee S, 1947. Delimitation of the geographic regions of China.Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 37(3): 155-168.
doi: 10.1080/00045604709351955
80 Leemans R, Asrar G, Busalacchi Aet al., 2009. Developing a common strategy for integrative global environmental change research and outreach: The Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP).Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 1(1): 4-13.
doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2009.07.013
81 Leng S, Ding Y, 2010. The development of cryospheric science in China granted by national natural science fund.Advances in Earth Science, 25(10): 1091-1100. (in Chinese)
82 Leng S, Song C, 2005. Review of land surface geographical process study and prospects in China.Advances in Earth Science, 20(6): 600-606. (in Chinese)
83 Li F, Wang R, Paulussen Jet al., 2005. Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: A case study in Beijing, China.Landscape and Urban Planning, 72(4): 325-336.
doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.04.002
84 Li J, Gou X, Cook E Ret al., 2006. Tree-ring based drought reconstruction for the central Tien Shan area in northwest China.Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L07715. doi: 10.1029/2006GL025803.
doi: 10.1029/2006GL025803
167 Xu Q, Yang K, Wang Get al., 2015. Agent-based modeling and simulations of land-use and land-cover change according to ant colony optimization: A case study of the Erhai Lake Basin, China.Natural Hazards, 75(1): 95-118.
doi: 10.1007/s11069-014-1303-4
168 Xu W, Luo C, Ouyang Zet al., 2010. Designing regional nature reserves group: The case study of Qinling Mountain Range.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 30(6): 1648-1654. (in Chinese)
169 Xu X, Li S, Cai Y, 2009. Recent progress and prospect of integrated physical geography in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 64(9): 1027-1038. (in Chinese)
85 Li L, Jiang D, Li Jet al., 2007. Advances in hydrological response to land use/land cover change.Journal of Natural Resources, 22(2): 211-224. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2007.02.008
86 Li S, Wang Y, Zhu Wet al., 2014. Research framework of ecosystem services geography from spatial and regional perspectives.Acta Geographica Sinica, 69(11): 1628-1639. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/dlxb201411004
87 Li S, Xu X, Cai Y, 2011. Research progress of methodologies and methods in physical geography.Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 26(4): 399-406. (in Chinese)
88 Li S, Zhao Z, Gao J, 2008a. Identifying eco-geographical boundary using spatial wavelet transform.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 28(9): 4313-4322. (in Chinese)
89 Li X, Bu R, Chang Yet al., 2004. The response of landscape metrics against pattern scenarios.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 24(1): 123-134. (in Chinese)
90 Li Z, Zhu B, Li P, 2008b. Advancement in study on soil erosion and soil and water conservation.Acta Pedologica Sinica, 45(5): 802-809. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1163/156939308783122788
91 Liang J, Liu Y, Ying Let al., 2014. Road impacts on spatial patterns of land use and landscape fragmentation in three parallel rivers region, Yunnan Province, China.Chinese Geographical Science, 24(1): 15-27.
doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0652-y
92 Lin C, Feng S, Guan B, 1954. Outline of physical geographical regionalization in China (draft). Beijing: Department of Geology and Geography, Peking University. (in Chinese)
93 Liu A, 1981. Landscape ecology in Czechoslovakia.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1(2): 183-184. (in Chinese)
94 Liu C, 2004. A new methodology for comprehensive physical regionalization of China supported by EOS in the moderate scale.Progress in Geography, 23(6): 1-9. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.06.001
95 Liu D, Feng Z, Yang Yet al., 2011a. Spatial patterns of ecological carrying capacity supply-demand balance in China at county level.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 21(5): 833-844.
doi: 10.1007/s11442-011-0883-0
96 Liu H, Lu X, Zhang S, 2003b. Progress on the study of process of wetland landscape changes and cumulative environmental effects.Progress in Geography, 22(1): 60-70. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2003.01.008
97 Liu J, Deng X, 2010a. Progress of the research methodologies on the temporal and spatial process of LUCC.Chinese Science Bulletin, 55(14): 1354-1362.
doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0733-y
98 Liu J, Kuang W, Zhang Zet al., 2014a. Spatiotemporal characteristics, patterns, and causes of land-use changes in China since the late 1980s.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 24(2): 195-210.
doi: 10.1007/s11442-014-1082-6
99 Liu J Y, Zhan J Y, Deng X Z, 2005. Spatio-temporal patterns and driving forces of urban land expansion in China during the economic reform era.Ambio, 34(6): 450-455.
doi: 10.1639/0044-7447(2005)034[0450:SPADFO]2.0.CO;2 pmid: 16201216
100 Liu M, Tian H, 2010b. China's land cover and land use change from 1700 to 2005: Estimations from high-resolution satellite data and historical archives. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB3003. doi: 10.1029/2009GB003687.
101 Liu S L, Cui B S, Dong S Ket al., 2008. Evaluating the influence of road networks on landscape and regional ecological risk: A case study in Lancang River Valley of Southwest China.Ecological Engineering, 34(2): 91-99.
doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.07.006
102 Liu T, Ding Z, 1998. Chinese loess and the paleomonsoon.Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 26(1): 111-145.
doi: 10.1146/
103 Liu W, 1994. Land types and comprehensive physical regionalization in the Jianghan Plain.Acta Geographica Sinica, 49(1): 73-83. (in Chinese)
104 Liu Y, Gao J, Yang Y, 2003a. A holistic approach towards assessment of severity of land degradation along the Great Wall in Northern Shaanxi Province, China.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 82(2): 187-202.
doi: 10.1023/A:1021882015299 pmid: 12602627
105 Liu Y, Huang X, Yang Het al., 2014b. Environmental effects of land-use/cover change caused by urbanization and policies in Southwest China Karst area: A case study of Guiyang.Habitat International, 44: 339-348.
106 Liu Y, Lu Y, Fu B, 2011b. Implication and limitation of landscape metrics in delineating relationship between landscape pattern and soil erosion.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(1): 267-275. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1631/jzus.A1010009
107 Luo G, Yin C, Chen Xet al., 2010. Combining system dynamic model and CLUE-S model to improve land use scenario analyses at regional scale: A case study of Sangong watershed in Xinjiang, China.Ecological Complexity, 7(2): 198-207.
doi: 10.1016/j.ecocom.2010.02.001
108 Luo K, 1954. A draft of physical geographical regionalization scheme.Acta Geographica Sinica, 20(4): 379-394. (in Chinese)
109 Mao J, Yan X, Wang Aet al., 2005. A review and prospect of studies on the intensified urban land use in China since 1990s.Geography and Geo-Information Science, 21(2): 48-52. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1007/BF02873109
110 Ni S, 2003. Progress in the research on land evaluation in China during the latest ten years.Journal of Natural resources, 18(6): 672-683. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2003.06.005
111 Ni S, Chen C, 1993. Recent progress in the study of land evaluation in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 48(1): 75-83. (in Chinese)
112 Peng J, Dang W, Liu Yet al., 2015. Review on landscape ecological risk assessment.Acta Geographica Sinica, 70(4): 664-677. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/dlxb201504013
113 Peng J, Wang Y, Jing Jet al., 2005. Research on integrated regional planning of urban landscape functions: A case study in Shenzhen City.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 25(7): 1714-1719. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1007/s10971-005-6694-y
114 Peng S, Piao S, Zeng Zet al., 2014. Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(8): 2915-2919.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.1315126111 pmid: 24516135
115 Potschin M B, Haines-Young R H, 2011. Ecosystem services: Exploring a geographical perspective.Progress in Physical Geography, 35(5): 575-594.
doi: 10.1177/0309133311423172
116 Qi Y, Wu J, Li Jet al., 2013. Landscape dynamics of medium- and small-sized cities in eastern and western China: A comparative study of pattern and driving forces.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(1): 275-285. (in Chinese)
117 Qian X, 1983. The engineering technology protecting environment: Environmental Systems Engineering.Environmental Protection, 6: 2-4. (in Chinese)
118 Qian X, 1991. Talking about the content and method of geographical science.Acta Geographica Sinica, 46(3): 257-265. (in Chinese)
119 Qin D, Ding Y, 2009. Cryospheric changes and their impacts: Present, trends, and key issues.Advances in Climate Change Research, 5(4): 187-195. (in Chinese)
120 Qiu B, 1993. The northern border of tropical zone in China.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 13(4): 297-306. (in Chinese)
121 Ren M, Yang R, 1961. Problems on the comprehensive physical geographical regionalization in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 27: 66-74. (in Chinese)
122 Ren M, Zeng Z, 1991. The extent of tropical zone in China.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 11(2): 101-108. (in Chinese)
123 Shen Y, 2010. Studies on land types: Academic significance, function and prospect.Geographical Research, 29(4): 575-583. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1084.2010.00199
124 Shi G, Zheng G, Wang Zet al., 2007. Progress in Research on Land Suitability Evaluation in China.Progress in Geography, 26(2): 106-115. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.02.012
125 Shi P, Pan Y, Chen Jet al., 1999a. Land use/cover change and environmental security in Shenzhen region.Journal of Natural Resources, 14(4): 293-299. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.04.001
126 Shi Y, 1954. Summary of discussions on physical regionalization in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 20(4): 419-425. (in Chinese)
127 Shi Y, Kang Q, Zhao C et al., 1985. The wasteland resources suitable for agricultural production in China. Beijing: Beijing Science and Technology Press. (in Chinese)
128 Shi Y, Yao T, Yang B, 1999b. Decadal climatic variations recorded in Guliya ice core and comparison with the historical documentary data from East China during the last 2000 years. Science in China Series D:Earth Sciences, 42(S1): 91-100.
129 Shi Z, Ma Y, Wang Yet al., 2012. Review on the classification methods of land use/cover based on remote sensing image.Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 28(12): 273-278. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1007/978-1-4471-2467-2_23
130 Song C, Sun X, 1999. Advances in studies of quaternary palynology in China.Advance in Earth Sciences, 14(4): 401-406. (in Chinese)
131 Song X, Yang G, Yan Cet al., 2009. Driving forces behind land use and cover change in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: A case study of the source region of the Yellow River, Qinghai Province, China.Environmental Earth Sciences, 59(4): 793-801.
doi: 10.1007/s12665-009-0075-8
132 Steffen W, Persson ?, Deutsch Let al., 2011. The anthropocene: From global change to planetary stewardship.Ambio, 40(7): 739-761.
doi: 10.1007/s13280-011-0185-x
133 Su G, Hu B, Luo H, 2010. Evaluation of sustainable karst land use at county regional level based on the method of lattice and ANN: A case of Du'an County in Guangxi.Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 17(4): 262-268. (in Chinese)
134 Su S, Xiao R, Jiang Zet al., 2012. Characterizing landscape pattern and ecosystem service value changes for urbanization impacts at an eco-regional scale.Applied Geography, 34: 295-305.
doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2011.12.001
135 Sun G, 1990. Preliminary study of Chinese traditional geography.Regional Study and Exploit, 9(2): 46-50. (in Chinese)
136 Sun H, Cheng S, Feng Z, 2010. From integrated surveys of natural resources to comprehensive research of resources science over 60 years.Journal of Natural Resources, 25(9): 1414-1423. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2010.09.001
137 Tang H, Wu W, Yang Pet al., 2009. Recent progresses of land use and land cover change (LUCC) models.Acta Geographica Sinica, 64(4): 456-468. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.2009.04.008
138 Tang H, Yuan S, Xiao Y, 2014. Effects of flow and sediment on the transport and transformation of pollutants in rivers: A review.Advances in Water Science, 25(1): 139-147. (in Chinese)
139 Turner Ii B L, Skole D, Sanderson Set al., 1995. Land-use and land-cover change. Science/Research plan. Stockholm and Geneva: HDP Report7/IGBP Report 35.
doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-2562-4_23
140 Wang C, Zhu Z, Bai Let al., 2015b. Effects of the landscape pattern dynamic changes on ecological service value: A case study in the central Ningxia arid zone.Arid Zone Research, 32(2): 329-335. (in Chinese)
141 Wang J, Dun Y, 2015a. A review on the effects of land use change on ecosystem services.Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 24(5): 798-808. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11870/cjlyzyyhj201505012
142 Wang J, Yan S, Bai Zet al., 2012. Review on landscape patterns of land consolidation and the ecological effects.China Land Sciences, 26(9): 87-94. (in Chinese)
143 Wang J, Yang L, Wei Wet al., 2011a. Effects of landscape pattern on watershed soil erosion and sediment delivery in hilly and gully region of the Loess Plateau of China: Patch class-level.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(19): 5739-5748. (in Chinese)
144 Wang J, Yang L, Wei Wet al., 2011b. Effects of landscape patterns on soil and water loss in the hilly area of Loess Plateau in China: Landscape-level and comparison at multiscale.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(19): 5531-5541. (in Chinese)
145 Wang L, Song C, 2010. Research advances in the responses of carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems to land use changes.Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 41(1): 216-221. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1077.2010.10305
146 Wang L, Xu Y, Fu Bet al., 2009. Landscape pattern and eco-hydrological process.Advances in Earth Science, 24(11): 1238-1246. (in Chinese)
147 Wang R, Sun H, Zhao Z, 2005a. Analysis on the mechanism and driving forces of land use/cover change in the Qiemo oasis, Xinjiang.Arid Land Geography, 28(6): 849-855. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601895
148 Wang X, Liu W, 2014. Land type research in China.Resources Science, 36(8): 1543-1553. (in Chinese)
149 Wang X, Wang Q, Li Het al., 2007. Driving forces of land use change/cover in the Yellow River Delta.Resources Science, 29(5): 175-181. (in Chinese)
150 Wang Y, Cheng H, Edwards R Let al., 2005b. The Holocene Asian monsoon: Links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate.Science, 308(5723): 854-857.
151 Wang Y, Han D, 2000. Ecological planning and designing in agricultural landscapes.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 11(2): 265-269. (in Chinese)
pmid: 11767611
152 Wu D, Liu J, Liu Let al., 2015a. Regionalization of summer maize productivity in North China based on crop growth model and CAST method.Journal of the Meteorological Sciences, 35(1): 66-70. (in Chinese)
153 Wu K, Ye X, Qi Zet al., 2013. Impacts of land use/land cover change and socioeconomic development on regional ecosystem services: The case of fast-growing Hangzhou metropolitan area, China.Cities, 31: 276-284.
154 Wu L, Long T, Liu Xet al., 2012a. Impacts of climate and land-use changes on the migration of non-point source nitrogen and phosphorus during rainfall-runoff in the Jialing River Watershed, China.Journal of Hydrology, 475: 26-41.
155 Wu M, Ren X, Che Yet al., 2015b. A coupled SD and CLUE-S model for exploring the impact of land use change on ecosystem service value: A case study in Baoshan District, Shanghai, China.Environmental Management, 56(2): 402-419.
156 Wu P, Zhou D, Gong H, 2012b. A new landscape expansion index: Definition and quantification.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32(13): 4270-4277. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201106090769
157 Wu S, Yang Q, Zheng D, 2003. Delineation of eco-geographic regional system of China.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 13(3): 309-315.
doi: 10.1007/BF02837505
158 Wu S, Yin Y, Fan Jet al., 2010. Retrospect and prospect of regionalization system of China.Geographical Research, 29(9): 1538-1545. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1084.2010.00199
159 Wu S, Zheng D, 2000. New recognition on boundary between tropical and subtropical zone in the middle section of eco-geographic system.Acta Geographica Sinica, 55(6): 689-697. (in Chinese)
160 Wu W, Shi P, Hu W, 2011. Analysis on human driving force of land use and land cover in Hexi Corridor under the background of urbanization.Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 18(3): 88-91, 96. (in Chinese)
161 Wu W, Yang P, Shibasaki Ret al., 2007. Agent-based model for land-use/cover change: A review.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 27(4): 573-578. (in Chinese)
162 Xi C, Zhang J, Qiu B, 1984. A Summary for Natural Regionalization of China. Beijing: China Science and Technology Press, 165. (in Chinese)
163 Xiao D, Gao J, 2001. Programming of rural landscape and ecological construction.Rural Eco-environment, 17(4): 48-51. (in Chinese)
164 Xiao D, Li X, 2003. Forefronts and future strategies of landscape ecology.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 23(8): 1615-1621. (in Chinese)
165 Xiao D, Su W, He H, 1988. The development of landscape ecology and its application.Chinese Journal of Ecology, 7(6): 43-48. (in Chinese)
166 Xie Y, Mei Y, Guangjin Tet al., 2005. Socio-economic driving forces of arable land conversion: A case study of Wuxian City, China.Global Environmental Change, 15(3): 238-252.
doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2005.03.002
170 Xu X, Ma K, Fu Bet al., 2006. Research review of the relationship between vegetation and soil loss.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 26(9): 3137-3143. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1016/S1872-2032(06)60005-X
171 Xue J, Bai Z, 2010. Assessment index system about land sustainable use in urbanization.Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 24(1): 10-14. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60014-8
172 Yan B, Fang N F, Zhang P Cet al., 2013. Impacts of land use change on watershed streamflow and sediment yield: An assessment using hydrologic modelling and partial least squares regression.Journal of Hydrology, 484: 26-37.
173 Yan R, Lei G, Sun Let al., 2012. Evaluation on the sustainable land use in urban area of Harbin based on grey relation analysis.Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 19(1): 154-158. (in Chinese)
174 Yang Q, Li S, 1999. Some themes on eco-regionalization of China.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 19(5): 8-13. (in Chinese)
175 Yang Q, Wang Z, Lu C, 2007. Application of ecological footprint theory in evaluating land resource sustainable utilization: A case study of Chongqing Municipality. Journal of Southwest University (Natural Science Edition), 29(8): 134-138. (in Chinese)
176 Yang Q, Wu S, Zheng D, 2002. A retrospect and prospect of researches on regional physio-geographical system (RPGS).Geographical Research, 21(4): 407-417. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1080/12265080208422884
177 Yang Q, Zheng D, Wu Set al., 2005. Review and prospects integrated physical geography in China since the 1950s.Geographical Research, 24(6): 899-910. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/yj2005060009
178 Yang W, 2015. Spatiotemporal change and driving forces of urban landscape pattern in Beijing.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35(13): 4357-4366. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201409231882
179 Yao T, Thompson L G, Shi Yet al., 1997. Climate variation since the Last Interglaciation recorded in the Guliya ice core. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 40(6): 662-668.
doi: 10.1007/BF02877697
180 Ye M, Wang Y, Peng Jet al., 2007. Classification of land use degree in Yunnan Province based on SOFM networks.Progress in Geography, 26(2): 97-105. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.02.011
181 You Z, Li Z, 2005. The effect of landscape pattern on soil erosion in Loess Plateau catchment: Take Huangjia Ercha catchment as an example.Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 22(4): 447-453. (in Chinese)
182 Yu K, Li D, Duan T, 1998. Landscape approaches in biodiversity conservation.Chinese Biodiversity, 6(3): 45-52. (in Chinese)
183 Yu K, Wang S, Li Det al., 2009. The function of ecological security patterns as an urban growth framework in Beijing.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29(3): 1189-1204. (in Chinese)
184 Yu W, Zang S, Wu Cet al., 2011. Analyzing and modeling land use land cover change (LUCC) in the Daqing City, China.Applied Geography, 31(2): 600-608.
doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.11.019
185 Yu X, 1993. Look at the vitality of the Chinese traditional geography in the view of the difference between western and eastern geographical thoughts.Yunnan Geographic Environment Research, 5(1): 7-14. (in Chinese)
186 Yu X, Yang G, 2002. The advances and problems of land use and land cover change research in China.Progress in Geography, 21(1): 51-57. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.01.006
187 Yu X J, Ng C N, 2007. Spatial and temporal dynamics of urban sprawl along two urban-rural transects: A case study of Guangzhou, China.Landscape and Urban Planning, 79(1): 96-109.
doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2006.03.008
188 Yu Z, Zhang Q, Xiao Het al., 2012. Countermeasures of landscape and ecological stewardship in agricultural/rural area of China.Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 20(7): 813-818. (in Chinese)
189 Yue D, Liu Y, 2010. The foundation and theoretical development of integrated physical geography of China.Geographical Research, 29(4): 584-596. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1084.2010.00199
190 Zeng Z, Liu N, Li Get al., 1980. A deliberate about the boundary of tropics in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 35(1): 87-92. (in Chinese)
191 Zhan J, 2015. Impacts of Land-use Change on Ecosystem Services. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer.
192 Zhang B, Gu Y, Ding Set al., 2007b. Research development on driving factors and ecological effects of agriculture landscape pattern change.Progress in Geography, 26(1): 114-122. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.01.012
193 Zhang B, Mao Y, Liu J, 2006. Analysis driving forces of LUCC in Heihe middle reaches.Arid Land Geography, 29(5): 726-730. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6060.2006.05.018
194 Zhang K, Yu Z, Li Xet al., 2007a. Land use change and land degradation in China from 1991 to 2001.Land Degradation & Development, 18(2): 209-219.
doi: 10.1002/ldr.757
195 Zhang M, Huang X, Chuai Xet al., 2015. Impact of land use type conversion on carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystems of China: A spatial-temporal perspective.Scientific Reports, 5. doi: 10.1038/srep10233.
doi: 10.1038/srep10233 pmid: 25975282
196 Zhang P, Cheng H, Edwards R Let al., 2008c. A test of climate, sun, and culture relationships from an 1810-year Chinese cave record.Science, 322(5903): 940-942.
doi: 10.1126/science.1163965 pmid: 18988851
197 Zhang Q, Cheng G, Yao Tet al., 2003. A 2, 326-year tree-ring record of climate variability on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.Geophysical Research Letters, 30(14): 1739. doi: 10.1029/2003GL017425.
doi: 10.1029/2003GL017425
198 Zhang W, Hu Y, Hu Jet al., 2008b. Impacts of land-use change on mammal diversity in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, China: Implications for biodiversity conservation planning.Landscape and Urban Planning, 85(3): 195-204.
199 Zhang X, Xiong Z, Zhang Xet al., 2016. Using multi-model ensembles to improve the simulated effects of land use/cover change on temperature: A case study over northeast China.Climate Dynamics, 46(3): 765-778.
200 Zhang X, Zhang Y, Liu Let al., 2013. Zoning by land types based on SOFM network: A case study on transect of eastern Tibetan Plateau.Geographical Research, 32(5): 839-847. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/yj2013050007
201 Zhang Y, Nie Y, Lv X, 2008a. Chinese literature analysis on land use research in China.Progress in Geography, 27(6): 1-11. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.06.001
202 Zhang Z, Zhao C, Li T, 2005. Research on contaminant transport and transform in soil, underground water and clay soil.Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 19(1): 176-180. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.1360/biodiv.050058
203 Zhao S, 1983. A new scheme for comprehensive physical regionalization in China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 38(1): 1-10. (in Chinese)
204 Zhao S, Chen C, Niu W, 1979. Thirty years in integrated physical geography in People's Republic of China.Acta Geographica Sinica, 34(3): 187-199. (in Chinese)
205 Zhao W, Fu B, Chen Let al., 2004. Effects of land-use pattern change on soil and water loss at the catchment scale in the hilly and gully area of the Loess Plateau of China.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 24(7): 1358-1364. (in Chinese)
206 Zheng D, 1999. A study on the eco-geograghic regional system of China. FAO FRA2000 Global Ecological Zoning Workshop, Cambridge, UK, July 28-30, 1999.
207 Zheng D, Ge Q, Zhang Xet al., 2005. Regionalization in China: Retrospect and prospect.Geographical Research, 24(3): 330-344. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11821/yj2005030002
208 Zhu K, 1929. Climatic provinces of China. Institute of Meteorology. (in Chinese)
209 Zhu K, 1958. Subtropical zone in China.Chinese Science Bulletin, 17: 524-528. (in Chinese)
[1] LI Shengfa,LI Xiubin. Global understanding of farmland abandonment: A review and prospects[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(9): 1123-1150.
[2] SHI Wenjiao,LIU Yiting,SHI Xiaoli. Development of quantitative methods for detecting climate contributions to boundary shifts in farming-pastoral ecotone of northern China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(9): 1059-1071.
[3] CHU Zheng,GUO Jianping,ZHAO Junfang. Impacts of future climate change on agroclimatic resources in Northeast China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(9): 1044-1058.
[4] SONG Xianwei,GAO Yang,WEN Xuefa,GUO Dali,YU Guirui,HE Nianpeng,ZHANG Jinzhong. Carbon sequestration potential and its eco-service function in the karst area, China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(8): 967-980.
[5] SUN Dongqi,ZHOU Liang,LI Yu,LIU Haimeng,SHEN Xiaoyan,WANG Zedong,WANG Xixi. New-type urbanization in China: Predicted trends and investment demand for 2015-2030[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(8): 943-966.
[6] FENG Zhiming,LI Fangzhou,YANG Yanzhao,LI Peng. The past, present, and future of population geography in China:Progress, challenges and opportunities[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(8): 925-942.
[7] LI Xiaoyun,YANG Yu,LIU Yi. Research progress in man-land relationship evolution and its resource-environment base in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(8): 899-924.
[8] WANG Degen,NIU Yu,SUN Feng,WANG Kaiyong,QIAN Jia,LI Feng. Evolution and spatial characteristics of tourism field strength of cities linked by high-speed rail (HSR) network in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(7): 835-856.
[9] HE Bin,CHEN Aifang,JIANG Weiguo,CHEN Ziyue. The response of vegetation growth to shifts in trend of temperature in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(7): 801-816.
[10] YANG Yan,WANG Limao,CAO Zhi,MOU Chufu,SHEN Lei,ZHAO Jianan,FANG Yebing. CO2 emissions from cement industry in China: A bottom-up estimation from factory to regional and national levels[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(6): 711-730.
[11] CHEN Xuejuan,MO Xingguo,HU Shi,LIU Suxia. Contributions of climate change and human activities to ET and GPP trends over North China Plain from 2000 to 2014[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(6): 661-680.
[12] LIU Wenchao,LIU Jiyuan,KUANG Wenhui,NING Jia. Examining the influence of the implementation of Major Function-oriented Zones on built-up area expansion in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(6): 643-660.
[13] LV Guonian,XIONG Liyang,CHEN Min,TANG Guoan,SHENG Yehua,LIU Xuejun,SONG Zhiyao,LU Yuqi,YU Zhaoyuan,ZHANG Ka,WANG Meizhen. Chinese progress in geomorphometry[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(11): 1389-1412.
[14] LU Huayu,ZHUO Haixin,ZHANG Wenchao,WANG Shejiang,ZHANG Hongyan,SUN Xuefeng,JIA Xin,XU Zhiwei,WANG Xianyan. Earth surface processes and their effects on human behavior in monsoonal China during the Pleistocene-Holocene epochs[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(11): 1311-1324.
[15] CHENG Weiming,LIU Qiangyi,ZHAO Shangmin,GAO Xiaoyu,WANG Nan. Research and perspectives on geomorphology in China: Four decades in retrospect[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2017, 27(11): 1283-1310.
Full text



Copyright © Journal of Geographical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd