Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 83-101.doi: 10.1007/s11442-016-1256-5

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Water level changes in Polish lakes during 1976-2010

WRZESIŃSKI Dariusz(), PTAK *Mariusz()   

  1. Institute of Physical Geography and Environmental Planning, Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzi?gielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
  • Received:2015-02-25 Accepted:2015-06-09 Online:2016-01-25 Published:2016-01-25
  • About author:

    Author: Dariusz WRZESI?SKI, e-mail:

    *Corresponding author: Mariusz PTAK, e-mail:


The paper presents the analysis of tendencies in water level changes in 32 lakes in Poland during 1976-2010. Series of monthly, seasonal, and annual precipitation and air temperature for 9 meteorological stations were also studied. The trend analysis for all of the studied series of water levels in lakes showed high spatial and temporal variability. Series of annual water levels in the case of 6 lakes showed statistically significant increasing tendencies, and in 7 lakes, significant decreasing trends. Series of annual amplitudes in the majority of lakes (22) showed a decreasing trend, but they were statistically significant only in three cases. The tendencies for air temperature fluctuations are more statistically significant than precipitation. The key role in determining water level changes is played by local factors, particularly including human economic activity, obscuring the effect of natural factors on water level changes. The paper describes cases of changes in water levels in lakes under anthropopressure related to among others: agricultural irrigations, hydropower infrastructure, water transfers, navigation, or mining.

Key words: lake-level trends, lake-level regime, Mann-Kandell Test, climate change, human activity