Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2014, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 1147-1160.doi: 10.1007/s11442-014-1144-9

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Process and cause of urban-rural development transformation in the Bohai Rim Region, China

Yansui LIU1,3(), Zhichao HU1,2, Yuheng LI1,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2014-02-28 Accepted:2014-08-20 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2014-06-20
  • About author:

    Author: Liu Yansui, PhD and Professor, specialized in land use science and urban-rural development transformation. E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41130748.No.41471143


China’s reform and opening-up policy has brought the country a great development opportunity. The high-speed growth of the economy not only led China to a period of industrialization, urbanization, informatization and agricultural modernization, but also exacerbated the situation of the urban-rural dual structure. Based on the review of current studies, we first used the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method to evaluate the urban-rural development and transformation level by population transformation index, land transformation index, industrial transformation index and social transformation index between 1996 and 2012 around the Bohai Rim Region. Then, based on the results of each index, we used the exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) method to investigate the spatial autocorrelation of the change in the urban-rural development transformation index during the 16-year period using Global Moran’s I index and Local Moran’s I index. Finally, we investigated the mechanism of change of the urban-rural development transformation index at county level, summarizing five main factors: (1) the radiation from the surrounding big cities, (2) the acceleration of the urbanization process, (3) the upgrading of the industrial structure, (4) the publishing and implementation of a macro development strategy and regional policy, and (5) natural factors such as topology.

Key words: urban-rural development transformation, urbanization, village-town construction, Bohai Rim Region, analytic hierarchy process, ESDA