Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 283-300.doi: 10.1007/s11442-012-0927-0

• Ecological Environment • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A method to determine the spatial allocation standard of social ecological compensation

ZHANG Wei1,2,3,4, ZHANG Hongye3, ZHANG Yifeng3   

  1. 1. Institute of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences, College of Science, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China;
    2. Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Urban Wetlands and Regional Change, Hangzhou 311121, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-01-25 Revised:2011-02-28 Online:2012-04-15 Published:2012-04-15
  • Contact: Zhang Hongye (1957-), Ph.D. and Professor, specialized in the study of land use. E-mail:
  • About author:Zhang Wei (1982-), Ph.D, specialized in the study of land use and ecological appraisal. E-mail:
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40701046; National Basic Research Program of China, No.2009CB421307; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41101039


Ecological compensation is a hot subject in academic studies, and the determination of the spatial allocation of compensation payments is a key point in the research of ecological compensation. There are two kinds of thoughts in the determination of regional spatial allocation at present: “evaluation of ecological construction cost” and “evaluation of ecosystem services value”. This paper analyzes the relationships between social ecological compensation and regional socio-economic development, and establishes two econometric models with the data of 2007 from various provinces in China. Through these models, the impacts of geographical endowments on the regional socio-economic development in various provinces are analyzed from the social justice viewpoint and the concept of “equivalent value of geographical endowments” (EGE for short) is proposed. This paper analyzes the application prospect of EGE in the policy making of regional ecological compensation. The results showed that: (1) the implementation of social ecological compensation is not only an effective guarantee for each region to obtain the equal rights of survival, development and decent environment, but also an essential assurance to the coordinated, balanced and sustainable development among various regions; (2) the regional difference in geographical endowments is an important factor affecting the regional spatial variation of socio-economic development. Therefore, geographical endowments are important bases for the determination of the spatial allocation of compensation payments in social ecological compensation; (3) based on the EGE, the government can determine the spatial allocation of social ecological compensation scientifically, and avoid the “sweeping approach” phenomenon in the policy making process of ecological compensation.

Key words: social ecological compensation, geographical endowments, spatial allocation, payments, social justice, China