Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2011, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 49-64.doi: 10.1007/s11442-011-0828-7

• Land Use Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Urban spatial development and land use in Beijing: Implications from London’s experiences

TAN Minghong1, GUY M. Robinson2, LI Xiubin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Centre for Rural Health &|Community Development, University of South Australia, 111 Nicolson Avenue, Whyalla Norrie, South Australia 5608, Australia
  • Received:2010-02-03 Revised:2010-08-25 Online:2011-02-15 Published:2011-01-13
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971112; No.40971062

Abstract:

Beijing is facing a huge challenge to manage the growth of its built-up area whilst also retaining both productive arable land and land for conservation purposes in order to simultaneously realize the three aims of economic development, protecting arable land and generating environmental improvements. Meanwhile, London, as a world city with more than 200 years of industrialization and urbanization, has accumulated rich theoretical and practical experiences for land use planning in a major urban area, such as the creation of Garden Cities, a designated Green Belt and New Towns. This paper firstly analyzes the main characteristics of the spatial distribution of the built-up area, arable land and conservation land in Beijing. Then, some of the key aspects of urban fringe planning in the London region are examined. Lastly, several implications from the experience of London are provided with respect to land-use planning for Beijing, concentrating on a re-appraisal of land-use functions around Beijing, measures to improve the green belt, the development of small towns to house rural-urban migrants and urban overspill, and effective implementation of land-use planning.

Key words: Beijing, London, land-use planning, Green Belt, New Towns