Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 295-309.doi: 10.1007/s11442-010-0295-6

• Man-Land Relationship • Previous Articles     Next Articles

China’s regional transport dominance:Density, proximity, and accessibility

JIN Fengjun, WANG Chengjin, LI Xiuwei, WANG Jiao'e   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2009-07-16 Revised:2009-10-12 Online:2010-04-15 Published:2010-04-15
  • About author:Jin Fengjun (1961–), Professor, specialized in regional planning and studies. E-mail:
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635026; 40701045; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX2-YW-Q10-4


Transport infrastructure plays an important role in shaping the configuration of spatial socio-economic structures and influences regional accessibility. This paper defines transport dominance from three aspects: quality, quantity, and advantage, measured by density, proximity, and accessibility indices. County is the basic unit for analysis. The results reveal: (1) Transport dominance statistically follows a partial normal distribution. A very few counties, 1.4% of the total, have extremely high transport dominance which strongly supports the socio-economic development in these areas. In contrast, one eighth of all counties have poor transport dominance which impedes local socio-economic development to some extent. The remaining areas, about 70% of the counties, have median transport dominance. (2) Transport dominance is spatially unevenly distributed, with values decreasing gradually from the coastal area to the inland area. Areas in the first-highest level of transport dominance are mainly concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta, the Greater Beijing area, and the Pearl River Delta. Areas in the second-highest level are focused in Chengdu, Chongqing, and Wuhan metropolitan areas. Provincial capitals and a few other counties belong to the third-highest level.

Key words: transport dominance, density, proximity, accessibility, China