Anderson M G, Burt T P, 1980. Interpretation of recession flow. Journal of Hydrology, 46: 89–101. Barnes B S, 1939. The structure of discharge-recession curves. Transactions of American Geophysical Union, 20: 721–725.
 Burns D A, McDonnell J J, 1998. Effects of a beaver pond on runoff processes: Comparison of two headwater catchments. Journal of Hydrology, 205: 248–264.
 Chen Xiande, 1996. Hydrology of Yellow River Basin. Zhengzhou: Yellow River Water Conservancy Press. (in Chinese)
 Cheng Li, Liu Changming, 2000. Trends and concept of water resources and research on time of water availability. Advances in Water Science, 11(2): 153–158. (in Chinese)
 Groundwater Research Group of the Loess Plateau Comprehensive Scientific Expedition Team, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1990. Rational use of groundwater resources in Loess Plateau region. Beijing: Xueyuan Press. (in Chinese)
 Hall F R, 1968. Base-flow recessions: A review. Water Resources Research, 4(5): 973–983.
 Hewlett J D, Hibbert A R, 1967. Factors affecting the response of small watersheds to precipitation in humid areas. Sopper W E. Lull H W (eds.). Int. Symp. on Forest Hydrology, Oxford and New York: Pergamon, 275–290.
 Kunkle G R, 1962. The baseflow duration curve, a technique for the study of groundwater discharge from a drainage basin. J. Geophys. Res., 67: 1543–1554.
 Maloszewski P, Rauert W, Trimborn P et al., 1992. Isotope hydrological study of mean transit times in an alpine basin (Wimbachtal, Germany). Journal of Hydrology, 140: 343–360.
 Maloszewski P, Zuber A, 1982. Determining the turnover of groundwater systems with the aid of environmental tracers, I. Models and their applicability. Journal of hydrology, 57: 207–331.
 McDonnell J J, Rowe L, Stewart M, 2000. A combined tracer–hydrometric approach to assess the effect of catchment scale on water flow path, source and age. In: Leibundgut Ch, Schultz G, McDonnell J (eds.). Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology: Tracer, Remote Sensing and New Hydrometric Techniques, IAHS Publication 258. IAHS: Wallingford, 241–248.
 McGuire K J, DeWalle D R, Gburek W J, 2002. Evaluation of mean residence time in subsurface waters using oxygen-18 fluctuations during drought conditions in the mid-Appalachians. Journal of Hydrology, 261: 132–149.
 Nash J E, 1966. Applied flood hydrology. In: Thorn R B (ed.). River Engineering and Water Conservation Works. London: Butterworths, 63–110.
 Nathan R J, McMahon T A, 1990. Evaluation of automated techniques for baseflow and recession analysis. Water Resources Research, 26 (7): 1465–1473.
 Rutledge A T, 1993. Computer programs for describing the recession of ground-water discharge and for estimating mean ground-water recharge and discharge from streamflow records. US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report, 93–4121.
 Rutledge A T, 1998. Computer programs for describing the recession of ground-water discharge and for estimating mean ground-water recharge and discharge from streamflow records: Update. US Geological Survey Water– Resources Investigations Report, 98–4148.
 Smakhtin V Y, 2001. Low flow hydrology: A review. Journal of Hydrology, 240: 147–186.
 Sujono J, Shikasho S, Hiramatsu K, 2004. A comparison of techniques for hydrographic recession analysis. Hydrological Processes, 18: 403–413.
 Tallaksen T M, 1995. A review of baseflow recession analysis. Journal of Hydrology, 165: 349–370.
 Vitvar T, Burns D A, Lawrence G B et al., 2002. Estimation of baseflow residence times in watersheds from the runoff hydrograph recession: method and application in the Neversink watershed, Catskill Mountains, New York. Hydrological Processes, 16: 1871–1877.
 Vogel R M, Kroll C N, 1992. Regional geohydrologic-geomorphic relationships for the estimation of low flow statistics. Water Resources Research, 28(9): 2451–2458.
 Whittenberg H, 1999. Baseflow recession and recharge as nonlinear storage processes. Hydrological Processes, 13: 715–726.
 Wolock D M, Fan J, Lawrence G B, 1997. Effects of basin size on low-flow stream chemistry and subsurface contact time in the Neversink River watershed, New York. Hydrological Processes, 11: 1273–1286.
 Zhu Ruirui, Li Lan, Wang Hao et al., 2004. Comparative study on the spatial variability of rainfall and its spatial interpolation methods. China Rural Water and Hydropower, 7: 25–28. (in Chinese)
 Zhu X Y, Zhang X C, 1999. Study on Water Resources Change in the Yellow River. Zhengzhou: The Yellow River Water Resources Publishing House. (in Chinese)