Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (1): 17-30.doi: 10.1007/s11442-010-0017-0

• Man-Land Relationship • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The comprehensive evaluation of China’s urbanization and effects on resources and environment

CHEN Mingxing1, LU Dadao1, ZHA Liangsong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
  • Received:2009-07-08 Revised:2009-09-10 Online:2010-02-15 Published:2010-02-15
  • Contact: Zha Liangsong (1953–), Professor, E-mail:
  • About author:Chen Mingxing (1982–), Ph.D, specialized in urbanization and regional development. E-mail:
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40871071; No.40771207


This paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation index system for the urbanization level in China in terms of four aspects of urbanization connotation: population, economy, society, and land. A comprehensive measurement is carried out for the Chinese urbanization between 1981 and 2006 based on the Entropy method. The results show that the comprehensive level of urbanization in China has a continuous increase with the major features of economic growth and a rapid evolution of the geographical landscape, followed by population urbanization and then social urbanization of health care standard; the distinguished evolutional characteristics can also be found in each of the subsystems. The integrated evolution of urbanization has a profound effect on the resources, energy and the environment, making the land resources and energy security situation under severe pressure. The environment pressure is also increased further.

Key words: urbanization, comprehensive evaluation, resources, environment, Entropy method, China