Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2009, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (5): 557-567.doi: 10.1007/s11442-009-0557-3

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Appraisal of typical rural development models during rapid urbanization in the eastern coastal region of China

LIU Yansui1, ZHANG Fugang1,2,3, ZHANG Yingwen1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China|
    3. China Law Center for Land and Resource, Beijing 100034, China
  • Received:2008-05-26 Revised:2009-02-15 Online:2009-10-25 Published:2009-10-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635029; No.40871257; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KSCX-YW-09

Abstract:

The sustainability of regional rural development depends on the integrated status and the coordination between rural resources-environment conditions and rural socioeconomic development. In this paper a diagnostic indicator system is proposed to appraise four representative rural development models such as Mentougou model, Taicang model, Yueqing model and Qionghai model in the eastern coastal region of China from the integrated perspective of population, resources, environment, and development. In conclusion, the formation and evolution of these diverse rural development models are the direct response to the very different characteristics in the environment, market demand, and regional culture. These models are common in that their sustainability depends on the scientific guidance of the regional development functional positioning, strong intra-regional interactions, and self-adaptability to the external conditions.

Key words: rural development model, urbanization, coordinated development degree, the eastern coastal China