Please wait a minute...
 Home  About the Journal Subscription Advertisement Contact us   英文  
Just Accepted  |  Current Issue  |  Archive  |  Featured Articles  |  Most Read  |  Most Download  |  Most Cited
Journal of Geographical Sciences    2009, Vol. 19 Issue (5) : 545-556     DOI: 10.1007/s11442-009-0545-7
Climate and Environmental Change |
Structural change of agricultural land use intensity and its regional disparity in China
CHEN Yuqi1,2, LI Xiubin1, TIAN Yujun1,2, TAN Minghong1
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Download: PDF(591 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    

Based on the data from the Cost-benefit Data of Farm Produce and the China Agricultural Yearbook, this paper divided the intensity of cultivated land use into labor intensity and capital intensity, and then analyzed their temporal and spatial change at both national and provincial levels between 1980 and 2006. The results showed that: (1) At the national level, labor intensity on food produce decreased from 398.5 day/ha in 1980 to 130.25 day/ha in 2006; and a continuous decrease with a steep decline between 1980 and 1986, a slower decline from 1987 to 1996, and another steep decline from 1997 to 2006. On the contrary, capital intensity shows an increasing trend since 1980. As to the internal composition of capital intensity, the proportion of seed, chemical fertilizer and pesticide input decreased from 90.36% to 73.44% and the proportion of machinery increased from 9.64% to 26.56%. The less emphasis on yield-increasing input and more emphasis on labor-saving input are the main reasons for a slow increase of yield per unit area after 1996. (2) At the provincial level, the developed areas have lower labor intensity and higher capital intensity. The less developed ones have higher labor intensity but lower capital intensity. From the viewpoint of the internal composition of capital intensity, labor-saving input accounts for more proportion in the developed areas than that of other areas. The main reason is that in these developed areas, labor input has become a constraint factor in food production as more and more labors engaged in off-farm work. Farmers increase the labor-saving input for higher labor productivity. However, in the less developed areas, the major constraint is the shortage of capital; food production is still depending on labor and yield-increasing inputs.

Keywords labor intensity      capital intensity      labor-saving input      yield-increasing input      China     

National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2006BAB15B02

E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Cite this article:   
CHEN Yuqi, LI Xiubin, TIAN Yujun, TAN Minghong. Structural change of agricultural land use intensity and its regional disparity in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,2009, 19(5): 545-556.
URL:     OR
[1] WANG Chengjin, DUCRUET César, WANG Wei. Evolution, accessibility and dynamics of road networks in China from 1600 BC to 1900 AD[J]. , 2015, 25(4): 451-484.
[2] DU Xindong, JIN Xiaobin, YANG Xilian, YANG Xuhong, XIANG Xiaomin, ZHOU Yinkang. Spatial-temporal pattern changes of main agriculture natural disasters in China during 1990-2011[J]. , 2015, 25(4): 387-398.
[3] LIU Tao, QI Yuanjing, CAO Guangzhong, LIU Hui. Spatial patterns, driving forces, and urbanization effects of China's internal migration: County-level analysis based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses[J]. , 2015, 25(2): 236-256.
[4] REN Zhengguo, ZHANG Mingjun, WANG Shengjie, QIANG Fang, ZHU Xiaofan, DONG Lei. Changes in daily extreme precipitation events in South China from 1961 to 2011[J]. , 2015, 25(1): 58-68.
[5] WANG Guogang, LIU Yansui, LI Yurui, CHEN Yangfen. Dynamic trends and driving forces of land use intensification of cultivated land in China[J]. , 2015, 25(1): 45-57.
[6] CHI Wenfeng, SHI Wenjiao, KUANG Wenhui. Spatio-temporal characteristics of intra-urban land cover in the cities of China and USA from 1978 to 2010[J]. , 2015, 25(1): 3-18.
[7] AN Ping, LI Xiangjun, ZHENG Yuanrun, ENEJI A. Egrinya, QIMAN Yunus, ZHENG Mingqing, INANAGA Shinobu. Distribution of plant species and species-soil relationship in the east central Gurbantunggut Desert, China[J]. , 2015, 25(1): 101-112.
[8] LI Rui, GUO Qian, WU Dianting, YIN Hongmei, ZHANG Hua, ZHU Taoxing. Spatial characteristics of development efficiency for urban tourism in eastern China: A case study of six coastal urban agglomerations[J]. , 2014, 24(6): 1175-1197.
[9] FANG Chuanglin, MA Haitao, WANG Zhenbo, LI Guangdong. The sustainable development of innovative cities in China: Comprehensive assessment and future configuration[J]. , 2014, 24(6): 1095-1114.
[10] CAO Ran, JIANG Weiguo, YUAN Lihua, WANG Wenjie, LV Zhongliang, CHEN Zheng. Inter-annual variations in vegetation and their response to climatic factors in the upper catchments of the Yellow River from 2000 to 2010[J]. , 2014, 24(6): 963-979.
[11] LI Shicheng, HE Fanneng, ZHANG Xuezhen. An approach to spatially explicit reconstruction of historical forest in Northeast China[J]. , 2014, 24(6): 1022-1034.
[12] ZHANG Mingjun, DONG Lei, WANG Shengjie, ZHAO Aifang, QIANG Fang, SUN Meiping, WANG Qiong. Increasing free-air 0℃ isotherm height in Southwest China from 1960 to 2010[J]. , 2014, 24(5): 833-844.
[13] LI Guangdong, FANG Chuanglin, PANG Bo. Quantitative measuring and influencing mechanism of urban and rural land intensive use in China[J]. , 2014, 24(5): 858-874.
[14] DING Lingling, GE Quansheng, ZHENG Jingyun, HAO Zhixin. Variations in the starting date of the pre-summer rainy season in South China, 1736-2010[J]. , 2014, 24(5): 845-857.
[15] LUO Ya, YANG Shengtian, ZHAO Changsen, LIU Xiaoyan, LIU Changming, WU Linna, ZHAO Haigen, ZHANG Yichi. The effect of environmental factors on spatial variability in land use change in the high-sediment region of China’s Loess Plateau[J]. , 2014, 24(5): 802-814.
Full text



Copyright © Journal of Geographical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd