Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2007, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 62-72.doi: 10.1007/s11442-007-0062-5

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Environmental changes during modern period from the record of Gaoyou Lake sediments, Jiangsu

LI Shuheng, FU Guanghe, GUO Wei, HE Huachun, ZHANG Zhenke   

  1. The Key Laboratory of Coast &|Island Development of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2006-11-09 Revised:2006-12-06 Online:2007-03-25 Published:2007-03-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40271004

Abstract:

Based on analysis of parameters of cores taken from Gaoyou Lake, including magnetic susceptibility, grain-size characteristics and sedimentary rate, environmental changes during the modern period were examined with the assistance of historical records and Gaoyou Lake water level materials. It is concluded that during the modern period a higher value of magnetic susceptibility and a lower sediment grain size coincided with a wet climate, while a lower value of magnetic susceptibility and a higher grain size were related with a dry climate. The results indicate that the climate in the 123 years period from 1880 to 2003AD can be divided into four stages: two low water level stages (1880–1915AD, 1948–1981AD) and two high water level stages (1915–1948AD, 1981–2003AD). It appears that the regional cli-mate generally underwent a dry–wet–dry–wet pattern in 30-year cycles. At present, it is at the end of a wet period, so the regional climate is expected to become dry in the near future. This conclusion corresponds with the climate records in the historical literature of the Gaoyou area, and it also matches with the climatic changes in North Jiangsu area.

Key words: Gaoyou Lake, environmental changes, lake sediments