Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 405-414.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0403-9

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Groundwater quality and land use change in a typical karst agricultural region: a case study of Xiaojiang watershed, Yunnan

JIANG Yongjun1,2, YUAN Daoxian1,2,4, XIE Shiyou1,2, LI Linli3, ZHANG Gui3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China|
    2. Research Institute of Karst Environment and Harness Karst Desert, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China|
    3. Institute of Geology Investigation in Yunnan Province, Kunming 650041, China|
    4. Institute of Karst Geology, CAGS, Karst Dynamics Laboratory, MLR, Guilin 541004, China
  • Received:2006-05-05 Revised:2006-07-21 Online:2006-12-25 Published:2006-12-25
  • Supported by:

    Doctorate Foundation of Southwest University, No.SWNUB2005035; Open Foundation of Physical Geography of Southwest University, No.250-411109; Foundation of Science and Technology Committee of Chongqing, No.20027534; No.20048258; The project of Ministry of Land and Resources, No.200310400024

Abstract:

Taking the typical karst agricultural region, Xiaojiang watershed in Luxi of Yunnan Province as a research unit, utilizing the groundwater quality data in 1982 and 2004, the aerial photos in 1982 and TM images in 2004, supported by the GIS, we probe into the law and the reason of its space-time change of the groundwater quality over the past 22 years in the paper. The results show: (1) There were obvious temporal and spatial changes of groundwater quality during the past 22 years. (2) Concentrations of,SO42-,NO3-,NO2-,Cl-,and the pH value, total hardness, total alkalinity increased significantly, in which NH4+,NO3-, and NO2- of groundwater exceeded the drinking water standards as a result of non-point pollution caused by the expansion of cultivated land and mass use of the fertilizer and pesticide. (3) Oppositely, Ca2+ and HCO3- showed an obvious decline trend due to forest reduction and degradation and stony desertification. Meantime, there was a dynamic relation between the groundwater quality change and the land use change.

Key words: GIS, Xiaojiang watershed, groundwater quality, space-time change, land use change, typical karst agricultural region