Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 251-256.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0214-z

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles    

Quantitative analysis of the dynamic change and spatial differences of the ecological security: a case study of Loess Plateau in northern Shaanxi Province

LI Jing, REN Zhiyuan, ZHOU Zixiang   

  1. College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2005-08-01 Revised:2005-12-10 Online:2006-06-25 Published:2010-09-18
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371003; Ministry of Education of China, No.01158; Master Research Project of Shaanxi Normal University

Abstract:

Using the theory and method of the ecological footprint, and combining the changes of regional land use, resource environment, population, society and economy, this paper calculated the ecological footprint, ecological carrying capacity and ecological surplus/loss in 1986-2002 on the Loess Plateau in northern Shaanxi Province. What is more, this paper has put forward the concept of ecological pressure index, set up ecological pressure index models, and ecological security grading systems, and the prediction models of different ecological footprints, ecological carrying capacity, ecological surplus and ecological safety change, and also has assessed the ecological footprint demands of 10,000 yuan GDP. The results of this study are as follows: (1) the ecological carrying capacity in northern Shaanxi shows a decreasing trend, the difference of reducing range is the fastest; (2) the ecological footprint appears an increasing trend; (3) ecological pressure index rose to 0.91 from 0.44 during 1986-2002 on the Loess Plateau of northern Shaanxi with an increase of 47%; and (4) the ecological security in the study area is in a critical state, and the ecological pressure index has been increasing rapidly.

Key words: regional ecological security, dynamic change, spatial difference, quantitative analysis, the Loess Plateau in northern Shaanxi Province