Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 105-113.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0111-5

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Assessment on heavy metals pollution of agricultural soil in Guanzhong District

ZHENG Guozhang1,2,3, YUE Leping1,3, LI Zhipei1, CHEN Chao1   

  1. 1. Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China
    2. College of Urban and Environment Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, Xi'an 710075, China
  • Received:2005-06-16 Revised:2005-09-28 Online:2006-03-25 Published:2006-03-25
  • Supported by:

    Key item of departmental plan of science and technology in Shaanxi Province, No.2003K12-G5; Soft science item of the Ministry of Science and Technology, No.2004DGS3D026; The opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, No.SKLLQG0515


The monitored soil samples were collected from Heihui irrigated area, Jiaokou irrigated area, Qianhe river valley and Jinghe river valley (hereafter Heihui, Jiaokou, Qianhe and Jinghe for short respectively) of Guanzhong District. According to the Environment Quality Standard for Soil (GB15618-1995II), we evaluated the pollution status of heavy metals (Cd, As, Cr and Pb) that could seriously endanger soil environment and human health by using single-factor index and synthetic pollution index methods. The results indicate that the synthetic pollution indices P of soil heavy metals are less than 0.7 in Heihui, Jiaokou, Qianhe and Jinghe of Guanzhong, the single-factor indices Pi of soil heavy metals of most soil samples are less than 0.7, so the soil environmental quality is in a good condition in Guanzhong on the whole; the enrichment degree of soil heavy metals is in the order of Heihui, Jinghe, Qianhe and Jiaokou; the contaminated degree of soil heavy metals has the feature of Cd > As > Cr > Pb; heavy metals contents in the cultivated horizon soil are generally higher than those in its underlayer soil, heavy metals contents of soil have the characteristic of enriching towards the cultivated horizon; Cd exceeds standard in the soil samples HS07a, b and HS08a, b at the Yangtao orchard in Heihui and in the soil sample QHS01a at the suburban vegetable plot in Qianhe, which was mainly caused by the long-term irrational use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide.

Key words: agricultural soil, heavy metals pollution, assessment, Guanzhong District