Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 87-98.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0109-z

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mutual optimization of water utilization structure and industrial structure in arid inland river basins of Northwest China

BAO Chao1,2, |FANG Chuanglin1, CHEN Fan3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
    3. Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 3220, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
  • Received:2005-03-09 Revised:2005-08-30 Online:2006-03-25 Published:2006-03-25
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40335049; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471059


Water is a key restricting factor of the economic development and eco-environmental protection in arid inland river basins of Northwest China. Although water supplies are short, the water utilization structure and the corresponding industrial structure are unbalanced. We constructed a System Dynamic Model for mutual optimization based on the mechanism of their interaction. This model is applied to the Heihe River Basin where the share of limited water resources among ecosystem, production and human living is optimized. Results show that, by mutual optimization, the water utilization structure and the industrial structures fit in with each other. And the relationships between the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Heihe River Basin can be harmonized. Mutual benefits of ecology, society and economy can be reached, and a sustainable ecology-production-living system can be obtained. This study gives a new insight and method for the sustainable utilization of water resources in arid inland river basins.

Key words: water utilization structure, industrial structure, mutual optimization, System Dynamic Model, arid inland river basins, Northwest China